Floor plan and interior of gothic / Latin churches5
Arch and vault5
Gothic Civil Architecture6
Carried Symbolic Significance to Catholic Faith7
Cruciform Plan of the Ground8
Gothic Architecture and Medieval history8
Example of the gothic Architecture8
Dome of St. John of Torum10
Gargoyles of Notre Dame11
Bourges Cathedral (buttresses)11
The development of Gothic sparked across Europe from the Romanesque style. For an interim period incurred buildings, Romanesque, and Gothic styles of architecture. The Romanesque round arch with its earthbound severity followed the Gothic pointed arches and much more delicate. Rib vault allow a height extension of the sanctuary. The new large and tall windows broke up the hard wall and interior of the church appeared in a bright, colourful light. A new architecture of the width, height and light, which corresponded to the new lifestyle of the time it, was created.
The gothic architecture's history shows the change in style and the focus and introducing the windows with gargoyles, stained-glass, tall spire, pointed arches and flying buttresses. These gothic architectures were then divided into three prominent phases of English gothic architecture which included the lancet gothic also known as the “early English gothic style” from 1200-1300, extremely sharp like a gothic arch, second one is “decorate gothic” from 1300-1400,” perpendicular gothic” from 1400-1500 (Parker, 2008, pp. 150-161).
Romanesque architecture and Middle Ages
The pointed arch, the ribgewelf and the flying buttress are essential technologies of Gothic architecture. These elements were already in Romanesque buildings, but were rarely together in a building. The constructive role of the pointed arch made it possible, that the churches were narrower and higher, which made for a strong verticality. This sense of space was enhanced by omitting the accentuation of the intersection and sometimes even omitting the transept. The weight was divided and transferred via a strong skeleton of vaults, arches and buttresses, making the walls no longer have to be solid.
Construction, financing and building styles
In the Middle Ages, the cathedrals were mainly funded by the citizens of the city. Over the centuries these were the cathedrals, the center of the city and the pride of its inhabitants. The centuries of construction can be seen in the sacred as to hardly see another building very nicely. To Roman, Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque elements are found in some churches representing almost all components and architectural styles. Main portals of medieval churches were often targeted to the west towards the evening. When you hit the inside of the church leads the way out of darkness to the east of the rising sun. The view is from the darkness of the world towards the altar and Christ (Ruskin, 2012, pp. 96).
By stonemasons and builders
The monogram-like stone marks a medieval usual mark many Masons are still seen today in the stones. Buildings and Monuments either be restored or made sculptures. Locked together were the stonemasons on the 12th since Century existing building ...