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Free art, the avant-garde and the 20th century

Free art, the avant-garde and the 20th century


Under the name of different vanguards are known breaks with dominant models of beauty that occurred in Europe during the first third of s. XX. They call it plural because there is a unique art style, with trends and movements.

The early twentieth-century art movements, those ranging in time from 1910 until the outbreak of World War II are known by the name of historical avant-garde or ISMS.There are many names that follow this style of art, working on each other and passing movements from one to another move to avoid running into any trend attached, everything is ephemeral, as everything changes (Burger, 1984, pp 41-47). 

What happens between 1900 and 1910 is perfectly defined in Bozal book "The First Ten Years (1900-1910, the origins of contemporary art)" in the phrase "ten years that already but not yet", is ie, the edge is not yet, but they are laying the groundwork to produce this break, because this is one of the leading traits of character of rupture, the great masters such as Klimt, Degas, Munch, Matisse are being out its most innovative contributions are ten years of plenty, but just wait to the last two years of the decade for which we have called VANGUARD emerge in its own right.

Its main features are: the break with the above, the desire for novelty and experimentation. They represent a rift total: color, rules of composition and aesthetic language. This change occurs, too, from an ideology, as it implies a dependence of thought and values.

In 1932 came the group of Friends of l'Art Nou (ADLAN) from a gathering of writers and artists who gathered at the Hotel Colon Barcelona, ??its main purpose was to promote all kinds of arts activities arts, music, theater and avant-garde literature. The main personality of the group was Joan Prats, organizer and animator of artistic activities. The ADLAN regularly organized exhibitions of Salvador Dali, Pablo Picasso, Joan Miro, Alexander Calder, among others, and concerts could be heard the most avant-garde music (Arnold Schoenberg, Robert Gerhard, Manuel Blancafort). The outbreak of the Civil War interrupted his activities and the group disappeared (Foster, 1996, pp 63-37).

These contacts were very fruitful for artists such as Gonzalez and Miró. The magazine "Dau al Set" was the most innovative proposal of Catalan culture from the 40. Was preceded by the magazine "Algol" (1947). Dau al Set was created in 1948, founded by painters Joan Ponç, Modest Cuixart, Antoni Tapies, the printer and then later Joan-Josep Tharrats painter, poet Joan Brossa, and l'Arnau Puig escriptor.. The contents include articles, short essays, poems, drawings, under a cutting-edge optics. Exhibitions of group members and other disclosure of other authors, such as the tribute to Paul Klee. In 1951 he began a second phase which lasted until the end of the magazine in 1956.

In the vanguard are a series of artistic trends or schools of art, born in the early twentieth century, such as cubism, surrealism, etc. for the purpose of finding new forms of aesthetic ...
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