The Cold War is the period of tension and ideological and political confrontations between the two superpowers that were the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and their allies between 1947 and 1991, the year of the implosion of the Soviet Union and the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact.
In 1947, under the pen of the American statesman Bernard Baruch, the term “Cold War” appears for the first time. She quickly popularized by journalist Walter Lippmann. According to Raymond Aron, he was a “limited war” or “bellicose peace” in a bipolar world where warring avoided direct confrontation - hence the term "peace impossible, war unlikely ".
Many conflicts since the Korean War, the Vietnam War to the war in Afghanistan, illustrated the indirect opposition between Soviets and Americans, with the participation of their respective allies. The countries of the Third World such as the India of Nehru, the Egypt of Nasser and Yugoslavia of Tito formed for a time the non-aligned movement, proclaiming their neutrality and playing the rivalry between the blocks to obtain concessions (LaFeber, 2000).
The Cold War and U.S. Diplomacy
President Kennedy was in office from 1961-1963, and during this time, he flexibly responded to communist expansion, especially to guerrilla warfare. The “Kennedy Doctrine” that was initialed by the President that refers to the foreign policy initiatives. These initiatives were taken for Latin America during the time period of his presidency. During this, he also supported Communism and supported the reversal of Communist progress in the Western Hemisphere.
In January 1961, during his inaugural address, he presented the people of America with a blueprint. On the basis of this, the initiative of future foreign policy formulation was to be taken with regards to administration. This was supposed to later follow and represent. Moreover, during the address he also warned that every nation should know that America will assure the survival and success of liberty no matter what price they have to pay or bear. Moreover, the President also referred to the public to assist in the struggle against the enemies and to beat tyranny, poverty and war. During this address, the Cold War was prominent, and it also highlighted the mentality of the President and his administration.
U.S. diplomatic efforts
During President Kennedy's office, a situation that required U.S. diplomatic efforts was the Vietnam War. This was the longest deployment of the US forces in hostile action in ...