Conflict In Ethiopia

Read Complete Research Material


Conflict in Ethiopia

Conflict in Ethiopia


Ethiopia is Africa's well-known ancient civilizations, 3000 years of civilization. As early as the 8th century BC, the Nubian kingdom established here. Early, the powerful kingdom of Axum established. 13th century Abbey Indonesia dynasty established. After the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire, Portugal, Britain, Italy invaded. 1890, Italy declared Ethiopia the country for their own protection, the heroic Ethiopians took up arms and fought against the invaders, forcing Italy to recognize Ethiopia's independence in 1896 (Rahmato, 2010). Ethiopia thus became the late 19th early 20th century, only two African continent to remain independent of one of the countries known as the "colonial island in the sea." In 1935, under the rule of Mussolini's Italy invaded again. Italian with a few years before the occupation of Ethiopia, allied with the help of Ethiopia in 1941 finally forced the surrender of the Italian army, the king in exile to return reset. In 1974, the military generals staged a coup door Ge Tusi, who overthrew the monarchy. In 1991, the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front door Ge Tusi armed overthrows the regime, the establishment of a transitional government.

Conflicted Region

The Horn of Africa, in the eastern part of the African continent continues to be the stronghold of the political and military conflicts that intertwine and aggravate each other. Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somalia are the countries, which have always been known for political instability and extreme poverty, and occupy the last places on the continent and the world human development index. At the time of foreign rule, especially English, have left the territory, these states faced political and economic situation too fragile and difficult to manage (Stuart, 2009). Ethiopia plagued by a long civil war, while Somalia has suffered a pro-Islamic domination. After the secession of 1993, Eritrea Ethiopia divided politically; resulting in landlocked, and therefore with little hope of commercial development. This followed by the self-proclaimed state of Somaliland, not yet internationally recognized. Ethiopia has seen centuries of conflict in that do not seem to see the sunset, and all too often ignored by the international community.

Several conflicts in Ethiopia

Oromo, Ogaden, Eritrea and Somalia connected. With, Eritrea Ethiopia shares a border subject to various lawsuits and heavily militarized. The secession of Ethiopia has made more enemies Eritreans and Ethiopians than they were even sharing the same country. In December 2000 they signed the Algiers agreements created by an area of border security patrols would control the United Nations, and a boundary commission to mark its path. The attribution of the town of Badme, together with other bilateral issues on which there has been understanding since then has strained relations between the two countries, connecting the fate of the miserable town of Badme to fortune and the survival of regimes Meles Zenawi and Isaias Afewerki. Finally, the border dispute has helped to make Eritrea a haven for insurgents armed Oromo and Ogaden. At present, the boundary commission has failed to act; the United Nations mission has reported its inability ...
Related Ads