Today the world is composed of nearly one hundred ninety-two nations. It is unfortunate that many of these nations are plagued with conflict, some with each other, others within themselves, and then there are those nations that have both internal and external conflicts. Somalia is one such nation that has been torn apart due to its internal and external conflicts. All international decrees and laws state Somalia to be a unified nation from its independence. Regrettably this is not so in reality (Ottaway 1982). The roots of Somali conflict are found in its oppression under foreign rule, the rise of ethnic nationalism at its independence, extreme loyalty of Somali citizens to their clans, and Somalia's lack of true and balanced leadership. With the study of Somali history, future leaders and diplomats can better understand how conflicts flood to the surface. With the study of Somali issue we can better understand how to prevent and protect the citizens of the world from such disasters in the future.
Somalia & Ogaden Region Conflict
Situated in to the east Africa, Somalia types what is renowned to the world as "the Horn of Africa " Somalia's neighbors are Ethiopia from the west side, Kenya from the south, , Djibouti from the northwest side. It has the shores of the Gulf of Aden from the north, and has shores of Indian ocean from the east. Somalia wrappings an locality of about 638,000 rectangle kilometers, making it just a little lesser than Texas. The internationally acknowledged Somali capital is Mogadishu. Somalia is mostly a flat country. In the south and centered districts, beside Ethiopia, the land raises to a couple of century meters overhead ocean level. The higher land locality is along the to the north seaboard area, where hills increase to about 2,000 meters. Somalia has a long seashore of about 3,300 kilometers(www.cia.gov). This long seashore has been a key component in its annals of trade with the Middle East and other components of Africa.
The origins of the Somali confrontations are discovered at this piece of Somali history. There was a large rift between the north and the south. The colonial forces of Italy and Britain had left the two districts with their own distinct administrative, lawful, and learning systems. Their elites of both districts had inconsistent interests. The southerners accepted that they were better to the northerners because of know-how they had profited under the Italian rule. They sensed that theirs way of doing things was the better of the two. The to the north Somali's were of a distinct opinion(Sauldie 1982). The clans of both districts begun to construct larger animosity in the direction of each other. The nonexistence of clan integration was a key facet to the demise of Somalia.
Another major topic at this time was the need of enforcement by the Somali government of the Pan-Somali ideology. At the time of Somali self-reliance, there was a vocal action in ...