Construction Techniques

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Investigation, Comparison and Contrast between Different Construction Techniques

Investigation, Comparison and Contrast between Different Construction Techniques

Task 1

The metal frame comes in mortars molding techniques in sculpture and was first used by gardeners' experimenters. Joseph Louis Lambot at Miraval manufactured in 1845 for orange crates and tanks with wire and mortar, in 1849 the boat to the lake, and finally in 1855 he put a patent: "ferciment", a combination of iron and mortar for shipbuilding and flower boxes. He built a canoe in 1855 that went unnoticed at the Universal Exhibition of Paris. Joseph Monier deposed in 1867, in Paris, a request for "a system of cash-basins mobile iron and cement applied to horticulture." The following year, he filed additives and formed systematically process architecture. The mortar was reinforced a process too expensive and too fragile to be used in architecture. This system consists of a sort of gauze whose warp and woof is formed by the same wire; the walls consist of stacked bricks.

The Industrial Revolution, which began in England about the year 1760, brought many new compositions hitherto not even dreamed of. However, the architects continued to use traditional materials for a long time, as the Fine Arts academies considered "low art" the fantastic structures designed by engineers throughout the nineteenth century.

The first building constructed entirely of iron and glass was the Crystal Palace (1850-1851, rebuilt between 1852 and 1854) in London , a great ship ready to host the first World Exhibition in London in 1851 , which was designed by Joseph Paxton , who had learned the use of these materials in the construction of greenhouses. This building was the precursor of prefabricated architecture, and he demonstrated the possibility of fine buildings in iron.

Among the few examples of the use of iron in the nineteenth century architecture stands a building of Henri Labrouste, the library of St. Genevieve (1843-1850) in Paris, a building of neoclassical style on the outside but inside left view metallic structure. The most impressive iron buildings were constructed century for the Universal Exhibition of Paris of 1889: the ship of Machinery and the famous Eiffel Tower (1887) engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel.

In Paris, he carefully studied the new system of steam and hot water heating, steam laundry unit. Closely watched it to other types of building equipment and construction equipment. Returning home, he gave one of the first steam laundry in Moscow in the educational building.

In this last period of his activity in the years 1861 -1878, Bykovsky built in Moscow a few places of worship: Trinity Church in the mud and Ivanovo Monastery.

If the church is on the dirt still has creatively reworked the classic form, the architecture of the temple of Ivanovo monastery devoid of expression and artistic forces that set it apart old structures. In the 1870s a number of buildings constructed Bykovsky the estate in the Khovrino Molchanov and Molchanov dwelling on Pokrovka in Moscow.

In recognition of outstanding ability and great influence of the architect, who had no architectural education and ...
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