Modular Construction Vs. Conventional Construction

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Modular Construction vs. Conventional Construction

Modular Construction vs. Conventional Construction


The aim of this paper is to compare and contrast between Modular Construction vs. Conventional Construction .Modular buildings are constructed almost solely in a factory and arrive at the site 90 to 95 per hundred complete. Framing, insulation, roofing, siding, doors, windows, electrical, plumbing, and central finishes are accomplished in the secure natural environment of the factory. Modules are shipped to the site either ready to be finished or entire with central amenities, appliances, paint and carpet. Modular units are constructed in compliance with the form construction cipher adopted by each state. Nearly any style of architecture is now possible with modular construction. A widespread architectural goal is to construct the modular unit to gaze like a natural addition to an existing building. The modular industry has solved the difficulty by using diversified exterior and central finishes: clay brick, stucco, vinyl siding, and timber for the exterior; drywall, paneling, or T-grid ceilings for the interior.

Table Of Content


Modular Design5

Degrees Of Modularization7

A Systematic Approach10

Heat And Material Balances12



Redesign - Adapt To New Requirements17

Stronger Construction - Suited For An Industrial Environment18

Better Sound Deadening Than Conventional Rooms18

Cost Factor19




Modular Construction vs. Conventional Construction


The modularization (complete or partial) decision and the actual plan for applying it should be made early on--typically throughout the conceptual phase of the project. In some cases, modularization has saved 35% of the investment cost, but such savings are not assured, and the decision should not be made lightly. Conventional or "stick built" construction strategies are time-honored: the technology, procurement and construction are finished in a logical, consecutive fashion, with some parts finished in parallel and some finished consecutively, with the goal being to carry out the task as expediently and cost-effectively as possible.(Smith, 2006) Equipment and materials are procured from worldwide suppliers and are consigned to the site. At the site, roads are paved, foundations are poured, gear is set, piping is erected and electrical wiring is accomplished, all according to the drawings, specifications and standards evolved throughout the detailed technology phase of the project.

However, for many situations, the conventional construction approach may not be the most cost-effective procedure for task execution. Factors that exactly or obscurely affect construction task execution--and may favor one design and construction approach over the other include labor availability at the site, weather conditions, the logistics of transporting materials and gear to the site, schedule considerations and allowing issues. In some instances, business decisions based on marketing strategy, such as plant feed capacity and merchandise slate may also affect the normal task execution. Not understanding these parameters can delay the task, since such information is needed to design the plant.

Modular Design

Modular design and offsite construction of the plant may assist to overwhelm many obstacles, such as weather and scheduling conflicts. In general, modularization involves the assembly of a plant at a befitting, offsite location, using either local or imported labor. Individual modules represent accomplished constituent sections of a plant, encompassing gear, piping, electrical, ...
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