Early Modern English Political Thought

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Early Modern English Political Thought

Early Modern English Political Thought


Hobbesian moral theory has, in its general outline, functional character-contractual. The role of morality in Hobbes offset each other that there is little sympathy among men, limiting the common law and reduce the anxiety of unlimited power of each individual, thus allowing the survival of himself and peaceful coexistence. For this reason, binding commitment of every man with the moral laws based on selfishness. Nature has made men so equal in their powers of body and minds that while it found that one man sometimes is manifestly stronger in body or mind faster than another minds (Hood, 1964, pp. 23). Yet when all taken into account together, the difference between man and man is not significant enough so that one of them can lay claim to any benefit that cannot claim the other as he was.


For Hobbes, the war is purely and solely on the death struggle between two hostile camps. It also means "a space of time wherein the will to contest in battle sufficiently known". That is to say that the war is in force in peacetime, during those periods where countries do not fight each other but are constantly on alert, ready to enter combat immediately if the concrete threat of war. Time, then, is part of the nature of war. Therefore, the notion of time must be considered in the nature of war so the nature of war is not the fact of the struggle, but in the known disposition towards it, all the time in no assurance to the contrary. All other time is peace. War is fundamentally a state of mind, one must always be vigilant against an enemy attack can occur at any time. The absence of armed clashes between the two countries have always maintained a complex relationship does not mean they are not at war and that this apparent calm can be buried in an instant by a hail of bullets (Nagel, 1959, pp. 68).

War destroys any possibility of civilized coexistence and progress. When mistrust reigns, when the man sees the other as an enemy, which is being destroyed to survive, rule of law prevails in the jungle. Hobbes paints a bleak picture: "In such condition, there is no place for industry, because the fruit thereof is uncertain. Industries do not exist in those areas where there is poor law and order. This is because; industrialist does not want to invest in those areas where there investment is posing every kind of risk. Industrialists are only looking for their own profit and also to keep their investment and property on a safe place. This cannot be achieved in those nations where there is no government authority or any other legal body that is looking after the property of individuals and corporations. The risk of being Moreover, because of this there is no farming, no navigation, nor use of the goods that imported by ...
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