Fossil Fuel

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Fossil Fuel

Fossil Fuel


The increase in world population and the expected economic growth, especially in underdeveloped areas, say the demand for energy and other non-energy commodities continue to rise in coming decades, with the consequent production of waste. All these factors negatively affect the natural environment and make difficult the achievement of the objectives of proper energy development. Improving the efficiency of energy production methods and processing of raw materials and the introduction of new technologies that operate in the same direction are the instruments that can contribute effectively to approach to reduce the rate of deterioration of natural resources and the environment. In this paper, we analyze the problem of fossil future, encouraging the creation of paradigms that prevent the indiscriminate use of fossil fuels for energy, while invoking the need for the use of advance methods for the effective use of fossil fuels and more specifically the use advanced technology that would help in the future producing high efficiency to achieve sustainable development.

Fossil Fuels Affect on Environment

The incidence of various fossil fuels on the environment is very different both because of its variable content of elements such as sulfur or nitrogen which result in pollutants such as sulfur or nitrogen oxides, as the proportion who are own fuel elements, carbon and hydrogen. The effective ratio hydrogen / carbon (reason also takes into account the content of oxygen) varies from almost zero in the wood, fuel characteristic of pre-industrial period, to 0.4 to 0.8 over the coals, 2 liquid fuels derived oil (diesel, gasoline) and a value up to 4 in the natural gas. Thus, the use of fossil fuels has evolved over the last two decades towards products with an increasing proportion of hydrogen (Boyle, 2004).


The artificial production and processing power distinguishes the human species from all other living species and has been constant since earlier times in the first place to achieve more comfortable living conditions and subsequently to facilitate travel and mass-produce goods in the industry. As a result of growing demand, power generation is responsible for depletion of some essential raw materials (fossil fuels), a good part of the modification of environmental conditions (greenhouse gases, pollution) and the generation of a volume of waste considerably, some of which are difficult to manage (Ackermann and Soder, 2000).

Power Consumption

Energy demand has grown steadily, most particularly since the emergence of societies urban areas, although the change has occurred most notably during the last two centuries, associated with the industrial revolution. Thus, there has been consumption of 40 GJ in the fifteenth century to about 120 GJ in the late nineteenth century, estimated that today more than 300 GJ in more advanced countries, equivalent to about 8 tonnes of oil (toe) per year.

Shares in the Fossil Fuel improvement

Numerous policy proposals or technological measures to contribute to sustainable development are presented to control the consumption of certain forms of energy (mainly from fossil fuels), either by reducing energy intensity (energy consumption per unit of GDP) or intensity or carbon ...
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