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The history of Haiti

History of Haiti

The Haitian government and the political unrest

Social Structure and Education among Haitian

Who are the elite and peasants

The distinction between the elite, middle class and mass population

The scarcity of the Haitian education

Primary Health Care

National coverage

Free of Maternity Immunization

Income Inequality

Haiti Rear Per Capita Income

Income distribution


Thesis statement

Once, Haiti was the richest country in the world. Haiti is now considered a developed country is a third-world country, and the poorest in the western hemisphere and it are rank at 145 out of 169 countries in the latest 2010 UN Human development index. The situation in Haiti is very complex and to understand the country current situation, one has to understand the root causes of the problem. While some are very palpable, but others are not: The political unrest, lack of education, over populated, disease, and women rights. All would affect the economics of a country and could create an economic inequality among gender. Introduction

Official name

Republic of Haiti

Form of Government

The president, elected for a five-year term, chooses the prime minister from the largest party in the National Assembly; these two then appoint the cabinet, subject to approval by the National Assembly; the Assembly comprises a 30-member Senate (the upper house), which is elected for six-year terms in staggered elections, with one-third of seats being contested every two years, and a 99-member Chamber of Deputies (the lower house). In figure 1 its shows the economic indicators for the last five years of Haiti.

Figure 1: Recent Economic Indicator of Haiti

Head of State

Rene Preval of the Inite (formerly known as Lespwa) coalition was inaugurated as president on May 14th 2006, and he is due to step down on May 14th 2011. He will be replaced by Michel Martelly, who was elected president in April 2011.

National Elections

Presidential and legislative elections took place on November 28th 2010. A second-round run-off election for the presidency and a number of legislative posts was held on March 20th 2011. The next elections are not scheduled until late 2015.

National Government

The National Assembly, which took office in early May 2006, will be replaced in May 2011. Inite is expected to remain the largest party in both houses.

Type of Economy

Type of Economy is domestic economy, the Haitian gourde weakened slightly in the run-up to the elections (October 2010-February 2011) as a result of the violence related to the flawed first round of voting and the subsequent political uncertainty. This, however, was still quite stable considering the history of political violence and upheaval. During the “pre-election” period, the exchange rate averaged G40.20: US$1 compared to G39.77 US$1 in March-September 2010. Since February, the gourde has been generally stable, averaging G40.2: US$1 in March and G40.1: US$1 in April. The latest figures from the Banquet de la République d'Haïti (the central bank) show the gourde weakening to G40.3: US$1 in early May. This remains weaker than the average in 2007-10 of G39.3: US$1 and should serve to increase the competitiveness of Haiti's garment and agriculture exports (Fatton, ...
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