Human trafficking is also known as modern day slavery, or trafficking in persons. It is a criminal act, and it is the violation of basic human rights such as right of freedom, right of dignity, and right to equal protection of the law, that affects every country in the world. Human trafficking is one of the few crimes that have been pursued from a victim's perspective, which has a focus on the prevention of human trafficking, protection of victims, and prosecution of traffickers. This entry explores the definition of trafficking and related common misunderstandings, and includes an examination of the size, scope, and patterns of trafficking; sample profiles of traffickers and victims; and responses to human trafficking. Human Trafficking has a relationship with organized crime, and it is also modern day slavery.
History of Human Trafficking
After the meeting in Palermo, 117 countries have signed the protocol, but many of them have not yet modified their legislation to incorporate the crime of human trafficking into their penal code or fully implemented the process. This was not an easy task as it involves time, money, and even the political corporation to change. The protocol was developed through a process in order to reduce human trafficking, and to finish the criminals who are involved in the human trafficking. One misunderstanding that was involved in the confusion of human trafficking was that it includes illegal migration, smuggling, or labor exploitation. Illegal migration occurs when an individual crosses a national border without the appropriate paperwork or visa. Smuggling is the transpiration of willing participants by a third party across a national boundary without the appropriate paperwork (Zhang, 2007). Labor exploitation is the act of obtaining labor without the appropriate remuneration. The crime of trafficking may begin as smuggling. For instance, an individual may pay a smuggler for his or her services to gain entry into a country. Once in the country, the smuggler may request extra money. When the smuggled client cannot pay, the smuggler becomes the trafficker. In the same way, an employer may exploit an individual, such as by expecting them to work for less than the prevailing minimum wage, but it becomes trafficking when the employer houses the employee, and will not let them leave.
Human Trafficking Worldwide
The size of the human trafficking problem throughout the world is unknown. Similar to other types of abuse, human trafficking remains ...