The Enlightenment was a time, not innovation, but result from the maturation of humanistic ideas germinated since the Renaissance. Humans for the first time in history decided to take their destiny. Lights were rationalist and empiricists, universalism and particular, this was an era of discussions more than consensus.
Enlightment can be best defined as the major intellectual developments of the eighteenth century in Europe, while a cause and a consequence of sharp policy and a radical rethinking of the nature and purpose of philosophy and religion. Mainly from Western Europe in its field (from Scandinavia to the north into the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and from the British islands in the western part of Russia in the east) and eighteenth century period (since 1680 of English Glorious Revolution in 1790 and decades of the French Revolution) , the Enlightenment has been defined mainly in academic and popular imagination as the "age of reason," his many strains of the combined use of the basic obligations of the reason for the promotion of happiness through the expansion and improvement of the practical conditions of human life.
Enlightenment movement seems limited to the universal, static and singular, which exists in some European countries. These definitions also imply that he understood and expressed similarly in all countries, despite differences in language, politics, economics, and religious beliefs. However, the Enlightenment, as a discourse and how much more difficult than originally planned, reaching more than one continent and built a few discrete and worldwide. Scientists should not talk about the Enlightenment as a unitary phenomenon, but as a process, which resulted in a variety of ways in the hope of the locus of expression and reception.
The roots of the Enlightenment in Europe seek to demonstrate the harmony between reason and faith. It was at this point in the 13th century, the cause began competing for a central place in European thought, rivaling that religious belief has been revered since the fall of Rome and throughout the middle Ages.
When the Enlightenment the subjectivity and freedom were embraced, attached to them, fell into disrepair authority of traditional religion and monarchical power of the state. After the Reformation, modern people could only be in the world, independent and self-sufficient in the sense that it can immediately resolve their own relationship with God, bypassing the previous mediator existed in the Catholic Church. Enlightenment noticed ...