Information Communication Technology

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Information Communication Technology

Information Communication Technology


Information is the backbone of the organizational system of the company. This is a message or data received by a recipient, which modifies its knowledge on a subject or allowing it to solve a problem. For many years, the managers thought that hold the information was a source of power. Today, the flow of information has become an internal communications strategy. Indeed, when it travels well, the information fosters communication and is, therefore, factor of cohesion, motivation, effective decision-making and creativity. Identify the information channels of the company is a force for the employee, allowing him to position themselves in office and to hold useful information at the right time. If it is found to possess useful information is essential for an employee, it becomes, therefore, important for the manager to know disseminate information and knowledge flows used for the development of its internal communication. Internal communication's key role is to promote a joint construction of meaning in a business. It is often linking to the organizational structure of the structure. In a centralized structure, Taylorist type, communication is formal, usually written. The information accordingly follows a vertical direction: the direction of employees (down). The transmitter is the only one competent to master the complex issues that must be broken down into simple elements and indicate the exact solutions (Webster, 2009).

Discussion and Analysis

ICT has changed the structure of the flow of information, and the same, new forms of communication have developed in the organization. The introduction of new technologies implies the opening-up. Today, information sharing needed Employees can easily access information at any time, but they must also meet the demands of informational flows that aim to regulate the operation of the productive system. They will have to adapt to an effective information system, able to mobilize around changing objectives. Moreover, especially since the forms of organization have increased the current statutes, the rhythms of work and strained ties whether physical or symbolic. The resilient organization is undoubtedly communicating. It requires the interconnection of actors to coordinate their work, taking into account changes in production patterns of work and diversity of employees. Communication becomes multifunctional, it is accessible to all, all the workstations at any time, but it also requires greater availability and responsiveness of employees.

Technological Change in Recent Decades

The evolution history of Information Technology and Communications (ICT) in its short existence of less than 40 years. It lives a parallel path to organizational currents that implemented in companies. The coincidence of this fact is due to a condition of reciprocity between technological and organizational changes that allow them. In this historical evolution, we can identify four stages that summarize the change occurred in relation to the application of information technology: The importance and influence of technology in a company directly linked to the characteristics there of, it will be different so it is an SME or a large company. Often in business, there is no real reflection on whether it is good to ...
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