Irish National Liberation Army

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Irish National Liberation Army

Irish National Liberation Army


The Irish National Liberation Army or INLA is an Irish socialist republican paramilitary group that was formed on December 8, 1974. His goal is to eliminate the north of Ireland from the UK and create a united Ireland. Share a common Marxist ideology with its political wing, the Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP), which had its peak of influence in late 1970 and early 1980. In its early days, the INLA was known as the People's Liberation Army (PLA). During the period of the PLA, the group's purpose was mainly to protect members of the IRSP attacks. After a season of twenty-four years, the INLA declared a ceasefire on 22 August 1998.In August 1999, declared that no political or moral argument to justify the resumption of the campaign. In October 2009, the INLA formally pledged to pursue their goals through peaceful political means.


The founders of the INLA is Seamus Costello and other activists who had left or been forced to leave the Official IRA in the wake of 1972, OIRA ceasefire and focus increasingly reformist Official Sinn Féin. Costello embraced a mix of traditional Republican militarism and politics of a Marxist. Shortly after its founding, the INLA was attacked by his former colleagues in the OIRA, who wanted to destroy the new pool before he could go. On February 20, 1975, Hugh Ferguson, a member of the INLA and IRSP branch president, was the first person killed in the fighting. One of the first military operations of the INLA was the shooting of Sean Garland OIRA leader in Dublin on 1 March (Taylor, Peter. 1998).

Although shot six times survived. After several more shots a truce was arranged, but the fight began again. The most prominent victim of the fight began again, Billy McMillen, OIRA commander in Belfast, killed by INLA members Gerard Steenson. His murder was not authorized and was condemned by Seamus Costello. This was followed by several more killings on both sides, the most prominent victim is Seamus Costello, who was shot dead in the North Strand Road in Dublin on October 6, 1977. Costello's death was a blow to the INLA, as was their political leader and most capable military (Patterson, Henry. 1989).

It has also recently been claimed by some in the Republican Socialist Movement that one of its members died in 1975, Brendan McNamee (who was involved in the murder of Billy McMillen) was actually killed by members of the Provisional Irish Republican Army. The authorities had denied any involvement at the time of death and took place the blame on the Interim (Provo), who also denied involvement. However this has not been officially confirmed by the IRSP (O'Brien, Brendan. 1999).

Armed campaign

In late 1970 and early 1980, the organization developed a modest INLA in Northern Ireland, particularly around Divis Flats in West Belfast, as a result is known colloquially as the Planet of the IRP. During this period, the INLA competed with the Provisional Irish Republican ...
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