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Education Concept and Practices

Education Concept and Practices


Labor relations are the links established in the field of work. Usually refers to relations between labor and capital within the production process. In modern societies, labor relations are governed by an employment contract which stipulates the rights and obligations of both parties (Slichter, 1960).

Moreover, it should be noted that the relations can be individual or collective. Individual employment relationships are established that a single worker with their employer or their representative directly. Instead, collective labor relations are those established by a union representing workers with a company or organization management (Lunenburg, & Allan, 2008).

Industrial relations arise to minimize the dependence and subordination between the worker and the employer. The union has more power to impose its conditions and get a fair and equitable working relationship. Industrial Relations between employers and workers, among themselves or with the State as an intermediary known as social dialogue. These relations are based on the principle of tribalism, which means that the most important issues related to employment must be resolved between the three main parties involved: the state, capital and labor (Sisson, 2007).

There are some countries within the whole of the relevant trade union laws and responsibilities of employers, and safety during performance of work. There are such laws in many European countries and the Arab states, the laws affecting much on the relations between workers and employers (employers). If a dispute between workers and employers, workers resort to strike (refusal to work) to force employers to accept the viewpoint of workers; loses employer profits during the strike, has been confronted with the risk of the collapse of his institution. The power of the workers becomes less in countries that restrict the strike law.

Collective Bargaining

Collective bargaining is the dialogue conducted between the representatives of trade union organizations to conduct the most representative trade union or unions to make the most representative of the hand, and the operator or multiple operators or representatives of professional organizations of operators on the other hand, in order to (Levinson, 2006):

•Identify and improve conditions of labor and employment;

• Regulating relations between employers and wage earners;

Collective bargaining is appointed by each party to the collective-bargaining representative in writing, and prevents the other party to object to this representation. Each party to collective bargaining gives the other party information and data required, and necessary to facilitate the negotiation. Labor unions are organizations formed by employees for using their collective strength to improve compensation, benefits, and working conditions through bargaining; to bring fairness to the workplace through the provision of due process mechanisms; and to represent the interests of workers in the political process. Economists have traditionally viewed unions as functioning as labor market monopolies (Lunenburg, & Allan, 2008). Because they raise wages above the competitive levels set by the market, economists argue that labor unions create inefficiencies resulting in the loss of jobs and greater income inequality in the workforce. For this reason, economists view unions as an undesirable interference in the operation ...
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