Migration As Development Strategy?

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Migration as development strategy?

Migration as development strategy? The new political economy of dispossession and inequality in the Americas

This article is written by Nicola Phillips. The Latin America and Caribbean still need to develop and need migration strategies. The governments in these regions have focused on these issues. The paper has significant discussion on new political inequalities in the country. It involves the discussion of labour and other profound constrains. The Latin America and Caribbean have always faced problems for the development even now the states are facing difficulties of development. They are left behind and their growth is also not up to Asian, African, and East European economies. The inequality is the major problem of these economies. The Government has to focus on the strategies to develop these regions.

The link between migration and development arouses great interest. Therefore, the communities of migration and development trying to determine whether migration promotes or prevents development, if it can, in itself, be the cause of an increase or decrease the volume of the migration and, perhaps most importantly, how to make migration a positive force for development. The macroeconomic benefits that the country of origin obtained from the migration, namely the reduction of unemployment and the decline in market pressures work together with the positive effects of remittances in foreign exchange reserves and balance of payments have led to increasing attention. Similarly, the economic impact positive migration in the destination country, including the contribution to GDP at market work, local consumption and human capital, can be considerable. This paper briefly describes the measures taken to minimize potential adverse effects of migration and to reap the benefits of migration for development, especially with regard to financial contributions and nonfinancial Diasporas and migrants, and the circulation of knowledge. Most of the approaches presented below are the result of shared experiences Intermediate Workshop on Migration and Development held on and February 2005 within the framework of IOM's International Dialogue on Migration and other IOM activities related to migration and development. These approaches are exhaustive list of possible measures that governments (in developed countries and developing) and organizations might adopt in devising strategic approaches on migration and development (Adams, 2005).  Migration is not in itself a development strategy or a hindrance to it. Rather, the impact of migration depends on the political, social, legal and economic and related policy strategies within the framework of which takes place migration process, but also depends on the characteristics, resources and behavior of individual migrants. Migration as such, should not appear as Objective or Millennium Development Goal, but should be considered as one of the many instruments to be included in the strategy papers for the eradication poverty and other national development strategies aimed at achieving the Millennium Development Goals.

The number of Latin Americans and Caribbean are about 25 million people according to 2005 figures, ie 13% of international migrants in the world (Baumol, 1967). Of these just over 9 million are of Mexican origin (43% of regional total) and more than a million people from ...
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