From childhood, Indhira Gandhi (1917-1984), was immersed in the atmosphere of struggle for independence in India. Her father, Jawahadal Nehru was a member of Indian National Congress party (INC). Motilal Nehru her grandfather was the only leader of the old guard of CNI-in the Congress of this party in 1920 and supported the program of non-cooperation with British authorities promoted by Mahatma Gandhi. However, by approving the radicalization and democratization CNI linked with the name and activities of Mahatma Gandhi. However, she spent her childhood in a family environment orderly and picked it left her with a lasting impression.
Indira Gandhi (at birth - Indira Nehru Priyyadarshini) was born November 19, 1917 in Allahabad (India), a prominent lawyer in the family of Jawaharlal Nehru. She grew up in an atmosphere of patriotic ideas and political debate. Jawaharlal Nehru, Mahatma Gandhi led the side of the uprising against British colonial rule in India and was imprisoned so many times. After gaining independence, he took over the government of India and led it until his death. His daughter, who had witnessed it all first hand went well and a half years later, in January 1966, the successor to Indira Gandhi was the second Prime Minister of a democratic republic - after Sirimavo Bandaranaike of Ceylon, and Golda Meir in Israel before.
In 1930, when there was the second civil disobedience campaign promoted by Gandhi, millions of Indians took to the streets to protest against the British state. However, the son of Motilal, Jawahadal Nehru led the left wing of the CNI, becoming the charismatic leader after Gandhi himself. Women from the Nehru family also participated actively in the national liberation movement: the grandmother Indira and Kamala, her mother took part in the movement. Nehru's house was always staff of CNI center of the struggle against British colonialism. All these people were ever arrested, so the little girl Indira lived with these conditions of the struggle. The letters to Indira were included in her famous work, “The Universal History of Youth”.
Indira studied in India and Switzerland. In 1937 she joined the Somerville College, Oxford, where she learned leadership, history and anthropology. In 1941, she married activist Feroze Gandhi, who had two children later. In 1947, Indira Gandhi helped organize camps for refugees in Pakistan during the Partition of India. This was perhaps her first important act of public service.
In 1942, coinciding with the third campaign of civil disobedience of Gandhi she married Feroze Gandhi, who despite the name no relation to Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of the liberation movement in India. In 1946, Nehru, became prime minister of India and the August 15, 1947, Great Britain, divided India into one of the last acts as sovereign colony before independence and made Pakistan and India. This would have immediate consequences as the war in Kashmir, which broke a few months.
In 1955, Indira Gandhi, with her father participated in the Bandung Conference, which laid the foundation of the Non-Aligned Movement, under ...