Psychodynamic Theorists

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Psychodynamic Theorists

Psychodynamic Theorists


Psychoanalysis and psychology have come a long way from what they were back in the times of Freud, Erikson and Adler. The theories presented by these great thinkers have been continually studied, refined and improved to form the subject today. Irrespective of what we consider the field of psychology to be today, individuals like Freud and Erikson are truly considered to be fathers of the subject.

Why was Freud's work so influential?

Freud has often been called the father of modern day psychology. His work has provided some of the most basic foundations upon which today's scholars have built their research. Freud postulated the specific existence of an entity that came to be known as libido. Freud also went on to develop therapeutic techniques such as free association and transference. Not only did these go on to become known as central to analytical processes, but they effectively became the base of many psychological therapy techniques during the years that followed his work. Freud also developed prolific theories about an individual's dreams and they serve the purpose of, supposedly, fulfilling their subconscious desires and wishes. He was also known to be quite a prolific writer, writing numerous essays drawing on his expertise in psychoanalysis in an effort to further expand the his field of study (Boeree, 1997).

Psychoanalysis focuses the unconscious, often referred to as the subconscious, aspects of personality. As per Freud's descriptions, the human mind is no different from an iceberg, much of it submerged underwater. It is this submerged part of the brain that greatly influences an individual's personality and how they function socially. The conscious is quite naturally the opposite of the unconscious and is that part of the human mind which actively deals with society when the person is fully aware of their surroundings. The preconscious is that specific part which is not immediately aware but can be accessible as per the need presents itself.

A factor that makes Freud's work so influential is that it has survived the test of time. To this day, Freud's theories are the center of numerous debates in colleges and conferences internationally. Questions continually arise as to whether or not Freud's work can be used to further increase the understandings of society and how the human mind functions, it has also often been thought to be detrimental to the feminist cause (Boeree, 1997). Fortunately, where there is opposition, there is support and supporters of Freud's work are quite able when it comes to protecting his work and concepts.

How did the analysts that followed Freud dissent from his viewpoint?

When one speaks of Freudians who dissented from his viewpoint, the speaker is generally speaking about Jung and Adler. Jung and Freud were very close; so close that Freud considered Jung to be his successor. Unfortunately for Freud, Jung gradually diverged from Freud's views and their split was the base of numerous scandalous theories. Jung's theories, much like Freud's, are quite complex and complicated. There came a time when Jung was noted ...
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