Second Language Acquisition

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Second Language Acquisition

Second Language Acquisition

Faced with the reality that some students reach native-like competition the following question arises what causes this problem. Many researchers agree that L2 students are poor in L2 learning, despite the fact that they make an effort to improve their speech, by imitation, which still have an accent, or make mistakes in applying the rules of grammar in his writings, it is difficult for them to understand the causes of this failure is attributed to various factors such as social psychology, among others. (Davies, 2004)

On the other hand, other researchers say there is a logical contradiction in the statement that a good student is what has become a native speaker, since, by definition, the L2 learner is not a native speaker.

As a starting point for the analysis of problems related to the failure to acquire a native-level competition as we have to focus on the definition of who is a native speaker and what is the difference between non-native speaker and native, ie, as agreed Coppieters and Bernstein, the former repeats a restricted code and the second is repeated an elaborated code.

Despite the word native speakers is a widely used criterion to indicate knowledge of a language is also very confusing and difficult to reach. However, there are certain points that were agreed on the definition of the mother tongue: Everyone is a native speaker of its own unique code, this allows us to reject as illogical the notion of semilingualism. (Douglas, 2000)

Everyone accepts and adheres to the rules of a standard language, whether an informal meeting (standard) language, which may be a dialect, encrypted or standard (often called language).

According to Bartsch (1988), about what he calls the point (the center or the standard language model) are advantaged and disadvantaged, as they suffer less from insecurity and are less likely to practice overcorrection, and Most importantly, have less of a learning problem in the use of standard language for public purposes.

Native speakers have intuitions about their language standard, but when they are uncertain of their knowledge to guess or admit ignorance; this shows that intuition is learned not innate.

All have native knowledge has a number of principles governing all languages, along with a number of parameters within certain limits. This theory was proposed by Chomsky in the 1950's and is called Universal Grammar (UG).

Explains that the student moves through an L1 or return to the state primary UG and then moves forward again in an L2.Besides this, the native can be defined in the following six ways, according to Davies (1991.2003): 1. The native speaker acquires the L1 of which he / she is a native speaker children.

2. The native speaker has intuitions (in terms of acceptability and productivity) on your grammar idiolectal.

3. The native speaker has intuitions about the features of the grammar of standard language that are different from the grammar idiolectal.

4. The native speaker has a unique ability to produce spontaneous fluent speech, which exhibits a break, mainly within ...
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