One of the most complex issues and enforcement in developing of society is undoubtedly the Health, requisite to achieve priority an adequate quality of life. Health understood not only as patient care, but as an “algorithm finish and perfect” provides clinical care (medical, surgical, therapeutic, etc.).
It able to provide consistent, concise and clear through prevention campaigns and health promotion (such as campaigns vaccination or the disclosure of a risk of epidemics or disease), capable of ensuring the proper development and reintegration into society, an enormous body of physical, material, technical and human resources devoted to health, which is a reliable structure and scope of coverage and universal.
Therefore, it is extremely difficult to establish a uniform health policy that seeks to homogenize the uneven lines general which part it, so special care population should rather than worrying about the obstacles, the needs of all inhabitants (Arber, 2000, 75).
Discussion and Analysis
The United States has missed the shot number of appointments with the establishment of a genuine health system. It was so during the New Deal era of the measurements of the Social Secutity Act has dismissed the issue of access to health care. In the aftermath of the Second World War, the great movement that led the major industrialized countries to adopt the principle of broad socialization of health spending has ignored the United States, where progressive forces were unable to speak. Yet in the mid sixties the United States faced a very strong rise of health needs related to non-creditworthy developing poverty. In the logic of a minimalist welfare state, the answer was in devices specific to the poor and elderly, from a tax financing and a (small) contribution on wages.
The expenditure of these public schemes have grown strongly in recent years, primarily because they are not disconnected from the market and appeal to a large extent, to private providers.
In 1999, approximately 14.8 million Americans over the age of 12 - year old ever used drugs at least once a month. Of these, approximately 3.5 million people were dependent on drugs. Approximately 8.2 million U.S. residents suffer from alcoholism. According to calculations by Statistics of the National Institute for Research National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, in 1998, the economic costs of the U.S. caused by alcohol abuse was $ 185 billion Preventing one case of alcoholism, society can save more than $ 119 thousand every dollar invested in the program prevention of alcoholism can save more than $ 9.
Study of the University of Iowa showed that of the 4 million American women who were pregnant in 2000, 757 thousand to drink alcoholic beverages, and 820 thousand smoked during pregnancy. 221 thousand women have used drugs: 119 thousand of them smoked marijuana, 45 thousand addicted to cocaine. Drug users are higher among unmarried and young women. Moreover, during pregnancy, White women drink, smoke and use drugs ...