Watson's Theory In Nursing

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Watson's Theory in Nursing

Watson's Theory in Nursing


The developments in the area of health care around the globe have escalated workloads and responsibilities of the nurses. The nurses must have knowledge about dealing with increasing complexity and acuity of the patients', depending on the situation of their health. In spite of such difficulties, it is compulsory for the nurses to find ways to maintain the high level of their caring and the nursing theory of Jean Watson's theory can be described as essential to this concept. (Sitzman, Eichelberger 2004)

Historical Evolution of the Model

In Watson's subsequent work, she revisits Nightingale's concept of environment and discusses how the healing space or environment can expand the person's “awareness and consciousness” and promote mind body spirit wholeness and healing (1999, p. 254). Because of this, Watson recognizes the importance of making the patient's room a soothing, healing, and sacred place. It is not uncommon in this day and age to enter in a patient's room only to find it disorganized and unsanitary. One wonders how patients can heal their mind body spirit in such an environment.

Focus of the Model

In this theory nursing, dedicated to the promotion and restoration of health, disease prevention and patient care. Patients require a holistic care to promote humanism, health and quality of life. The patient care is a universal social phenomenon that is only effective if as interpersonal practice. Watson's work helps raise awareness of professionals, to human aspects. Watson has studied nursing care approaches on philosophical (existential - phenomenology) and spiritual basis, and sees care as a moral ideal and nursing ethics, in other words, the human health care as basic therapeutic relationship between human beings; is relational, trans-personal and inter subjective. This allowed Watson to articulate their theoretical premises, together with the basic premises of science in nursing, as cited by Walker. (George 2005) From the existentialist view, Watson believes the person co-mo "a being in the world" as a unity of mind - body and spirit, you experience and perceive the gestalt conceptually, is the locus of human existence and the subject of nursing care taken.

Overview of the Model

The "Caring is a moral ideal using a personal commitment, whose goal is the respect for human dignity and preserving humanity. Watson believes in its conception of unconditional love and care as essential to the survival and growth of humanity; the care and love of self above the care and love of others. The major focus of Jean Watson's nursing theory is on the carative factors. Jean Watson describes the carative factors, as an essential lead for the occupation of nursing. She has used the concept of carative to distinguish the established remedial factors of the field of medicine. (Watson 2008)The carative factors, which described by Jean Watson, have attempted to accolade the humanly attributes of the work of nursing and the interior world of life, and the immanent experiences of the people, the nurses usually have to serve (Watson, ...
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