Battle Of Bull Run

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Battle of Bull Run

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Battle of Bull Run was the consequence of various social and political issues in America. 1861-1865 was the period in American history which is known as The Civil War. Some of the main reasons behind the Civil War were slavery, political change and the Succession. The major political change that leads to Civil War was the election of president in 1860; The Republican Party against the slavery was led by Abraham Lincoln and achieved victory in 1861. By that time various slave States joined to form Considerate States of America. Succession was the withdrawal or separation of eleven, Southern Slave States from the United States of America and they form the Confederate States also called Confederacy. The remaining States of America, formed the Union, these States fought against these States for four years these years were termed as Civil War era. The Confederate States were defeated and this war resulted in the end of slavery. Other reasons of war were later resolved in the Reconstruction era.


Defining Battle, the date, location and principle antagonist and protagonist

The first battle of Bull Run was commenced from the marching of McDowell on the 16th July and then actually faced the opponent on 21st July in the battlefield. The result of this battle was the victory of confederate States over the Union. The second battle started on 18th August 1862 and lasted for three days under the new commander of the Union Sates, resulted in the victory of The Union and an end to the Confederate States. The first battle also known as the battle of Manassas and the second battle is known as the battle of Groveton or second Manassas ( Battle of run was the first land battle started on July 16, 1861 in Virginia between Northern and Southern Armies of the United States. It was led under Brig. Gen. Irvin McDowell from Washington the Union States, against Confederates under General Beauregard. On 16th July McDowell marched with his army from Washington and on 21st July Crossed Sadly Ford and attacked the Confederate army at Mathews Hill. Lincoln ordered Mc Dowell to attack Confederate armies.

Research Sources and its Evaluation

There are various books and material available for the study of this battle. According to Wheeler (1994), Confederate Forces were led under the Command of Brigadier General P.G.T Beauregard which was holding a strong position along the Bull Run, a stream in the Northern Virginia near Manassas Junction. Wheeler analyzed the condition of the States and their political status during war. He also analyzed war strategies and the tactics followed by Beauregard. Kops also discussed the after effects of the war and the position of the confederate States. After this victory, Confederate army was much disorganized and broken that they did not pursue the retreating Union army (Kops, 2001). Paul and Frampton also provide detailed analysis of this battle and its consequences (Paul and Frampton, 1993). Johnston also helped to analyze the reasons of defeat of any war ...
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