Organizational Culture

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Case Study Analysis

Task 11

Definition of Organizational Culture1

Types of Cultures1

Hierarchical Culture1

Collaborative (Clan)2

Adhocratic Culture2

Competing Culture2

Forms of Organizational Structure3

Task 24

Relationship Bewteen Organization Structure and Culture4

Task 36

Behavior and Factors which affect the Behavior of Individuals6

Task 48

Effectiveness of Leadership styles in the Organizations8

Task 59


Case Study Analysis

Task 1

Definition of Organizational Culture

Organizational culture is regarded as the pattern of the shared basic assumptions that the group has learned as it helped in solving the problems of internal integration and external adaptation and which has successful enough to be regarded as being valid and therefore should be taught to the new members as they are regarded as the correct way to feel, think and perceive in relation to those issues and problems (Tharp, 2009).

Types of Cultures

There are four main types of culture which are as:

Hierarchical Culture

The hierarchical organizations have the characteristics of bureaucratic and large corporations. They are mainly defined by the control, stability, internal integration and focus. These organizations value well defined structure for decision making and authority, control and standardization. The effective leaders in this culture are those who can organize, coordinate and monitor the processes and people. The examples of hierarchical culture are McDonalds in terms of efficiency and standardization and the Ford Motor due to its 17 different layers. Both of them have the typical hierarchical culture (Tharp, 2009).

Collaborative (Clan)

It is similar to the hierarchical culture as there is an inward emphasis on integration. This form of culture emphasize on the discretion and flexibility instead of control and stability. The success of Japanese firms made the American organizations to start take note of the way they approach the business. The Japanese firms had more team-centered approach which was not like the American culture. This main difference affected the way the Japanese structured their organizations and approached the problems. Their organizations operated like families and they valued loyalty and commitment (Tharp, 2009).

Adhocratic Culture

They are similar to the collaborative as they focus in discretion and flexibility but they do not have the same inwards focus. They have an external focus along with having a concern for differentiation. These organizations value adaptability, flexibility and go for the unmanageable chaos. The example of this is Google which has developed new services and captured the share of market to male them the leaders in the industry (Tharp, 2009).

Competing Culture

The organizations which follow this approach are similar to that of hierarchical culture as they value control and stability. But the inwards focus is replaced by the external orientation. This was mainly due to the competitive challenges that made the American companies to search for an approach which is more effective. They are focused on the relationships with regulators, consultants, legislators, unions, contractors, customers and suppliers. The example includes General Electric under the leadership of Jack Welch (Tharp, 2009).

Forms of Organizational Structure

The dimensions of structure can be divided into three main types which are:

Supportive Component

Line control of the work flow

Concentration in the authority

Structuring of different activities

The various dimensions include:

Specialization which refers to the division of labor in the organization ...
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