Electronic Health Record

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Electronic Health Record


Problem Statement1

Review of the Literature1

What is EHR?2

Types of EHR3

Administrative system3

Laboratory system4

Radiology system4

Clinical documentation4

Relationship between different types of EHR4

Effects of information on decision-making4

Ways in which EHR can communicate and share data4

Practical Importance of EHR in Medical5

Evolution of Information Technology in Health Care6

Types of Electronic Health Record Systems7

Advantages and Disadvantages of EHR8

Advantages of EHR8

Disadvantages of EHR9

Different Types of EHR and Ways in which EHR can Communicate and Exchange Data9


Works Cited11

Electronic Health Record


In past decades, the need to record the information about a patient was considered an important problem in medicine. Progress in this direction was dependent on the possibility of having the right support. The advent of writing and the paper allowed collecting and storing in the form of written records such data (Wang & Samuel, pp.397-403). This conception has changed over time, as medical professionals have increased the ways in which the data is collected and available technology has also changed the way in which the processed were carried out in past. It seems understandable that with the development of information technology in recent times, a qualitative and quantitative leap in the process of collection storage and retrieval of patient data has become quite easier (Wager & Lee, pp. 253-254). However, the scope of computer science applied to this problem is scarce and limited. Despite the development and the various technological advances that have occurred in the field of medical sciences, is still used for the collection of information the old system of paper patient records (files), when paradoxically computing has reached very advanced levels of development in almost all spheres of life including its wide use in medicine itself (Traynor , pp.2086-2087). Medical records are a vital tool for the work of any health care professional serving at any level as a teacher, research or management. Electronic health has potential benefits beyond cover the shortcomings of their paper counterpart. However, despite these advantages, there are still obstacles and controversies surrounding them (Sittig, pp.1042-1047). Continuity of information at all points of care potential and support systems for decision making are part of the most desirable features of such applications. However, having a look at advancement that information technology has provided in the field of medicine, this paper has focused on the Electronic Health Records.

The Electronic Health Record is the health record of the patients in which the all the health related record of a person is shared among multiple agencies and facilities. The Electronic Health Records (EHR) has improved the quality and efficiency of the health care. Similarly, due to the efficiency of the EHR, there will also be reduction in the costs. An EHR includes the contact information of a person. Similarly, it also includes the insurance information and the family history of a person (Demiris, 2004). Furthermore, the medication list and the information about the visits of the patients to different healthcare professionals are also shown on the EHR. A great amount of data is created in the hospitals in the format of free text and Electronic health records ...
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