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Answer to Question no. 1

Understanding the consumption of energy requires analysis of more than a few energy sources. To make easy comparisons of supply and consumption amongst different fuels, analysts frequently calculate energy in British Thermal Units. In daily terms, a single BTU is around the amount of energy released during the burning one ordinary kitchen match stick. One BTU is equals the amount of energy needed to increase the temperature of 1 pound of water through 1 degree Fahrenheit (for instance, from 59 degrees F to 60 degrees F).

In 2005, energy consumption in United Kingdom was about 3,894.6 Kg of equivalent of oils per capita as compare to the world normal usage of 1,778.0. While, in 2008, the total energy consumption was9.85 exajoules (EJ) and it was about 2% of the expected 474 exajoules (EJ) globally total (even as the United Kingdom comprises less than 1% of the world population). In 2006, requirement for electricity was about 40GW on average, and about 60GW at hit the highest point, while in 2006, the total consumption for the electricity was 1.25 exajoules (EJ) (Giampietro et. al, 2013, p.13).

The British government (Brown Ministry) Hey Karl, planned to launch “The Low Carbon Transition Plan” in July 2009 that aims at 40% of the low carbon dioxide content fuels for generation of by 2020 and 30% of renewable energy to make the environment safe. The Nuclear Decommissioning Authority called as NDA declared the winning bidders for the auction of its nuclear and also launched a new course of action for the Sellafield location to be stopped up by 2010. As Europe is bearing the consequences of financial crisis and economic crisis as well, these actions are happening as a result of that. Consumptions of Europe were shrunk by 5% and main production countenance a significant drop as well. Not only that the deficit was also decreased by 8%, respectively because of substantial cuts in the import of energy.

Policies of Government played a significant role in off-putting the greenhouse gas emissions in the direction of avoiding harmful climate alterations and also in meeting the demand of energy. Changing availabilities of possessions and expansion of technologies also vary the country's power mix through alterations in costs. On the Environmental Performance Index the United Kingdom was on the 5th position in the world in 2006. The Environmental Performance Index that measures how fine a country is going through the policies of environment and the United Kingdom was ranked on the top twenty in the following EPIs in 2008 and also in 2010. Great Britain returned back to the top ten positions in the 2012 according the Environmental Performance Index (Giampietro et. al, 2013, p.15).

If we consider the production of electricity in the United Kingdom then,

By 2004, total production of electricity stood at 382.7 TWh (about 23.7% as compared to 309.4 TWh in 1990), generated from these sources:

Gas - 39.93% (while in 1990 it was about 0.05%)

Coal - ...
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