What role do metaphors play in helping people understand the concept of artificial intelligenceo
Metaphors are used to describe any abstract constellation - how things relate to each other beyond the rational capacity of contemplating the entire phenomenon within its complexity.Artificial intelligence is based on swarm intelligence - the algorithm of it. Complex algorithms may be contemplated on any level as forming a living body. In fact, humans which are considered a living body, is complex algorithm.
Do you agree that the brain is a so-called meat machineo
It is evidently clear that there is much more to the brain than just knowledge and calculation. Alan Turing believed that if someone could develop a machine which can be asked questions and formulate an answer through the user of this perception, understanding of language, reasoning and judgement (and fool the individual asking the question into believing that it was human) then the machine would be intelligent. Nobody has yet been able to do this.
Maybe we need to look at the brain in a medical perspective. Dr Eric Chudler, an expert on neuroscience at the University of Washington, identifies the differences and similarities between brains and computers, 'both computers and brains store memories; both computers and brains can be modified to perform new tasks. Computers and brains both have the ability to monitor their surroundings and respond with behaviour to manipulate their environment' (Chudler, 2001, p6-7).
This cause/effect selection may be the largest similarity between brains and computers - it forms the basis of every human thought and computer calculation. Basic computers like calculators respond to a set of given numbers and operators and output an answer; the brain responds to 'sensors' in the body when cold, and responds by making you shiver. A ...