Glucose Monitor

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Glucose Monitor

Table of Contents


Glucose monitoring3

Continuous Glucose Monitor4

Method of Using the Glucose Monitor5

History and Development of Glucose Monitor Device5

Glucose Metabolism in the Human Body6


Biology behind Disease7

Diabetes Mellitus Type 27

The Causes of Type 2 Diabetes8

What Happens In the Body, in Diabetes Mellitus Type 2?8

Hypoglycaemia in Diabetes Mellitus Type 29

Treatment of Type 1 Diabetes10



Glucose Monitor


The glucose meter is a device used to measure blood glucose levels. This device is also known as a glucose-meter or sometimes also known as glucose monitor. It commonly used by people who have been diagnosed with diabetes and the need to control your blood glucose in the blood. The patient's blood is obtained through a finger prick using a lancet. The meter shows the level in mg / dl or any other reading is calibrated to display. The glucose meter is a revolution for home care of patients with diabetes, as the device is ready to determine the level of glucose in the blood within a few seconds. This has led to better disease management, which has decreased the risks for long-term diabetes risk in the short in relation with the level of sugar in the blood or hyperglycaemia (Anderson, 2001, pp. 1069-1078).

Glucose monitoring

Glucose monitoring is the measurement of glucose blood using a Gluco-meter. This study helps people with diabetes in order to control the disease, and to avoid problems and issues associated with it. The results of glucose monitoring can be used to make decisions about eating, physical activity, or administration of drugs. The most common way to check glucose levels is to make the puncture of a fingertip with a definite lancet to obtain a blood sample and then detected by blood glucose meter in the sample. People with diabetes commonly use the device for pricking a finger for a blood sample and blood glucose meter to measure glucose levels in the sample. There are frequent blood glucose meters; they are accurate and reliable when used correctly (Lin, 1989, pp. 998-1000).

Continuous Glucose Monitor

Continuous glucose monitor is a sensor, and a transmitter. The tiny glucose sensor is inserted under the skin, and then the transmitter transmits the glucose readings to the monitor. A continuous glucose monitor is a device that measures the levels of glucose continuously, while taking readings every 5 minutes (288 per day) for 24 hours a day. The glucose monitor can help in understanding how food, exercise and medication have an impact on the level of sugar in the blood, allowing you to better manage their diabetes. Continuous glucose monitors also includes alarms in order to indicate if the level of the glucose exceed the present levels or falls below (Agurs, 1997, pp. 1503-1512). Monitoring components includes: a monitor (a small device the size of a mobile), a sensor that measures glucose in interstitial fluid, and inserted into the abdominal area, and a transmitter is connected to the sensor that sends the information wirelessly to the monitor. 

The continuous glucose monitoring device (CGM) provides regular information on the levels of glucose; thus, the patient or the doctor have a complete picture of the level of glucose in the blood throughout ...
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