Internet Voting

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Internet Voting


At first glance, the internet vote seems obvious. It is not difficult to add up the votes, and many banking and business take place via this new medium. This operation has unique features in the computer field. First, the secrecy of the vote to observe forbids the procedure as it occurs. Then, the ballot must not leave any trace to link to each voter's ballot. Finally, since elections exist, there has always been fraud attempts at all levels and this parameter cannot be neglected. This study details several aspects of remote voting via the Internet. It recalls the meaning of elections in the political and traces a brief history; it has remote voting via the Internet and the inherent technical flaws. Finally, it examines the compatibility of internet voting with some ethical principles that characterize democratic elections. Several experiences in different countries discussed and analyzed. It appears that internet voting is less reliable than postal voting because of its complexity introduces multiple security vulnerabilities while the lack of transparency inherent in the computer. Inevitably leads to doubts about the fairness of elections.

Table of Contents



Electronic voting1

Typology of Electronic Voting1

Voting or international institutions2

Technical flaws of internet voting3

Evaluation methodology3

External Fraud Risks4

Types of attacks5

Risk of Internal Fraud7

Risks of malfunction10

Democratic deficiencies of internet voting12



Transparency vs. trust14



Internet Voting


This study reports on the state of the art regarding remote voting via the Internet. It details the various modes of electronic voting and said after recalling the basic features of democratic elections in the legislative polls. The second part presents the technical flaws of this new method of voting the third part makes a theoretical analysis of the compatibility of remote voting via the Internet, and the holding of democratic elections. Then the experiments discussed in terms of remote voting via the Internet as well as their balance sheets. The prospects then examined.

Electronic voting

Typology of Electronic Voting

Internet voting (i-vote) is part of a broader set called electronic voting (e-vote). Under this term grouped all forms of voting involving an electronic device. This may be an ordinary voting computer.

Voters must visit their polling station where they vote with the help of computers. Most of these devices record every vote directly in a memory (Direct Recording Electronic - DRE). Some produce evidence of vote (a newsletter) that collected in a ballot box after the voter has verified at the time of the vote. There are other models that record each vote on support (Example magnetic card), not verified by the voter, since it cannot immediately see what recorded on the card he used (Norris, 2001).

The management of the voter list still often takes place in a traditional way, using a register signed by the voters. In France, the votes counted locally by each voting machine prints a ticket stating the results which copied to a report sent to the main body. In other countries, the results transmitted electronically or via a network (Italy, Canada, for example).

The great weakness of voting computers is that most do not produce ...
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