Islam And Science

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Islam and Science

Islam and Science


This paper compares and contrast two essays with the theme of Islam and Science. The first article is “Islam, Procreation and the Law” By Zulie Sachedina, published by Guttmacher Institute in 1990. The second articles is “Islam, Fatalism, and Medical Intervention: Lessons from Egypt on the Cultivation of Forbearance (Sabr) and Reliance on God (Tawakkul)”by Sherine F. Hamd, published by George Washington University Institute for Ethnographic Research in 2009. Both the articles are very exploratory and discuss different concepts within a similar theme.


In her article “Islam, Procreation and the Law”, author Zulie Sachedina proves that Islam is a comprehensive system that regulates the spiritual as well as civic as- pects of individual and communal life. However, it has no clergy and no central authority to proclaim the position of the entire Muslim community on any matter, so there has been opportunity for different interpretations of the Scriptures. The billion Muslims of this world are divided into various sects and schools of thought. In general, however, the Islamic community falls into two great divisions- the Sunnis and the Shi'is. The Shi'is got their name from Ali, the cousin and son- in-law of the Prophet. The claim that "Imamah" (leadership) remained with the Prophet's family has been a cardinal Shiite doctrine throughout history (Dallal, 2010).

The author explores the concept of Sexuality and Contraception in Islam. In this regard, it is first necessary to emphasize that marriage is the context within which sexual relations are permitted. Then we must address the question of how Islam perceives it intimate relationships: they did they only aim - so only as part of permission - procreation? You would think by reading this hadith: "Marry a woman who loves you and who gives birth, for I shall be proud of your wealth on the day of judgment" (Narrated by Abu Dawood, No. 2050, and year-Nassa ' ï, 3227).

But in fact, if procreation remains the purpose of the existence of sexual desire, this is one of the objectives that Islam assigns to sexuality. Besides this, there is also the fact of living which is part of human nature - sexual pleasure - to the extent permitted. That is why there is another hadith where the Prophet said that sex between husband and wife lived was an act of charity. And his Companions who were amazed that someone would actually be rewarded for not satisfy a sexual desire and find pleasure, the Prophet replied that as one who lived out of his sexuality was in part enabled sin, one who lived through the license was an act rewarded by God (meaning the hadith narrated by Muslim, No. 1006, and others). Hence Ibn ul-Qayyim has identified three main objectives in the experience of sexuality in the context of marriage: procreation, sexual pleasure, and the practice of contributing to human balance, on a physiological (Nasr, 1968). Ibn ul-Qayyim quoted the physiological level, we now know that sex helps balance physiological but also psychological (Sherine, ...
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