Jurisdiction & Immunities

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Jurisdiction & Immunities: Equidistance Line Remains the Fundamental Instrument of Maritime Delimitation

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Jurisdiction & Immunities: Equidistance Line Remains the Fundamental Instrument of Maritime Delimitation


State Jurisdiction can be defined as the State's authority under international law to administer property and individuals by its domestic law whether civil or criminal. Jurisdiction is basically sovereignty aspect and refers to administrative, legislative and judicial competence. It embraces the authority to the enforcement jurisdiction (power to enforce them) and prescriptive jurisdiction (prescribe rules).

Under the territorial integrity principle, a state has the supremacy within its own regions boundaries and can put into effect criminal jurisdiction over any action that eventuates in its territory; in spite of whether or not it was a resident who did the act. On the other hand, an essential consequence of this and the sovereign states equality result is that such a state may not arbitrate in matters under another state's control.

The marine jurisdiction is a multiform and difficult discipline of law that includes the norms governing the obligations and rights of States in the region of marine. All coastal states have authority over the seas and oceans, the restrictions of that can be defined by national regulations and international principles should confirm to international laws. In its essence, the marine jurisdiction divides the marine into zones, as well as spells out the duties and rights of States and vessel flying flags in their zones.


As per the convention of 1958, the equidistance line can be defined as a line in which all point is equidistance from the adjacent baselines points from which the territorial maritime breathe of both the two States is computed. Under the Geneva Convention 1958, the equidistance line use was mandatory in the contract absence, special circumstances and historical titles (Gulf Of Guinea Boundary Dispute, 1999).

Equidistance line set up its privileged role in practice of State, and equidistance lines are used in most agreements regarding delimitation of maritime. However, arbitral awards and ICJ diminished its privileged role. In most of the case, it was asserted that the equidistance do not refer to an obligatory law statute; however, just one methods among rest, because it was by no means stared as component of traditional international law that plays the crucial part in the process of maritime delimitation. The equidistance demolishing went to an extent which vanish it from the manuscript of article 83 and 74 of the LOS Convention of 1982, and keep only article 15.

The key purpose of equidistance line is to create equity between states so that no state has supremacy over the other, as well as to ensure security, maintain peace and prolong economic well-being. However, in reality these days it is just serving as a maritime delimitation. In the early treaty law, the equidistance principle emergence in the Convention of 1958 can be elucidated by the verity that this equidistance principle of the overlapping or converging areas claims, in the inequities absence ensuing from major differences in ...
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