Nursing electronic is the use of information technology and communication in the nursing field, revolutionizing the way members of the nursing profession have contact with patients, provide care and communicate with colleagues.
Equipment such as computer terminals in the hospital units, laptops used by community health nursing and personal digital assistants for charting at the bedside are as necessary as stethoscopes for the Health care providers do their job. The information technology and communications are an essential and integral part of the practice of health care (American Medical Association,2009). Considering that technology plays a key role in meeting the challenges to health system issues such as geography, shortages of health professionals and rising costs. Some experts believe that e-health is at least 10 years behind other areas high in information management such as banking. To ensure that nurses participate in the revolution of health. Technological innovation is sweeping the globe, and nurses have accepted the challenge that results. Today, nurses work in all kinds of e-health programs such as triage (Potter,2009). Nurses have access to online libraries and databases on the recommendations in clinical practice at work and exchange with experts and peers, the Internet, participating in discussion groups. Nurses are also involved in developing standards on the implementation of electronic health records and a lot of training programs in nursing are now available online.
Use of the Computerized Management Systems to Increase Quality of Care
The hospital unit can make the most of SI. The SI is an integrated set of processes operating on a database and collects, develops and selectively distributes information to the daily operations of the organization. It is designed to provide information about the level of activities health services and assists in making decisions regarding the provision of care. The information is one of the pillars necessary for the operation of the organizations; therefore, a major activity is the treatment, manual or automatic information. The goal of treatment information: to provide authorized people the information they need at the time and place. The information systems are a basic component in organizations as a set of elements neatly related to each other according to rules, bring to the organization that serve the information necessary to achieve its objectives (Marquis, 2012).
From the outset, one must distinguish between statistical and information management as while statistics is responsible for collecting, classifying, and summarizing data represent samples, make inferences, draw conclusions, etc.., where the sample is a subset of the population, information systems are systems designed to provide information about the level of activity, in our case of health services, in which case the show is the total population included in our business. Information management at health are basically programs, computer or not, specifically intended to assist in making decisions related to care giving (Marquis, 2012). They include: uptake, distribution, integration, storage and retrieval of information. A Hospital Information System manages information of patients. We can say that Information Systems (IS) health management is a set integrated process ...