World Civilization

Read Complete Research Material


World civilization

World civilization


Civilization is all the cultural, physical, economic, social, and historical common to a group of companies. The word culture at large is synonymous with civilization. An area of civilization is a geographical entity that can be seen as a cultural space based on a set of characters the material, moral, religious and linguistic, artistic and social common to a company or group of companies. An area of civilization cannot identify with a single cultural trait (Strassler, 1996). The defining criteria are multiple, but we consider that the languages and religions are determining factors in identifying areas of civilization.

In this paper, we are going to discuss civilization of Athens by examining attitude, values and believe of Athens in 5th century BC. Further we are going to discuss the condition of Athens at the beginning of the Peloponnesian war and transformation of Athens by the plague. This research paper will provide us with knowledge about civilization process of Athens.


Athens is one of the active' names on the map of human civilization, which activates a universe of memories of bravery and culture, a symbol of what can conquer a sovereign society of free citizens in the art, reason and reflection. During the "Golden Age" of Greece from 500 BC until 300 BC, Athens was an important center of culture and intellectual life in Europe. What we now call "Western civilization" is based on many of ideas and practices of Ancient Athens. Of course, many of these were exported during periods and in other Greek city-states, perhaps in Rome, where he won peculiar democracy that might be its own invention. However, the two cities were clearly commercial relationships and thus active exchange of ideas (Charles, 2002).

What can Pericles' “funeral Oration” and Thucydides' description of the plague tell us about Athenian (and Greek) attitudes, values, and beliefs in the 5th century BC?

The fifth century was marked by religious turmoil and creating sects. The sects are seriously affecting all aspects of life, but also give impetus to the development of social work in Istanbul and the rest of Byzantine territory. So this time, we are developing multi-purpose institutions, hostels, with a smaller or larger section of the hospital sick. We also highlight the remarkable doctors, whose work we know from their own writings that are preserved or references in later works.

Funeral Oration of Pericles and description of Thucydides of Plagues focuses on equal for justice for all people in 5th century Athens. He goes further to explore foreign policy where he says that the openness and equality of values toward those of non-Greek descent do not harm the greatness of Athens itself. In fact, it enhances it. He goes further to praise the Athenian dead for refusing to live under oppression and instead, choosing to die resisting dishonor (Luce, 1997). Thucydides fervently supported Pericles, but was less enthusiastic about the institution of democracy. Under the hands of Pericles, Thucydides thought democracy could be controlled, but without him, it could be ...
Related Ads