Characteristics And Basic Operations Of Personal Computer Components

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Characteristics and Basic Operations of Personal Computer Components

Characteristics and Basic Operations of Personal Computer Components

Introduction to Personal Computer and Its Components

A personal computer (PC) is any general-purpose computer whose dimensions, capabilities, and initial sales price make it helpful for persons and which is proposed to be functioned exactly by an end client, with no intervening computer operator.

A personal computer may be a desktop computer, a laptop computer or a tablet computer. The most common current functioning schemes for individual computers are Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X and Linux, while the most widespread microprocessors are x86-compatible CPUs, ARM architecture CPUs and PowerPC CPUs. Software applications for individual computers encompass phrase processing, spreadsheets, databases, World Wide Web browsers and e-mail purchasers, sport, and myriad individual productivity and special-purpose software. Modern personal computers often have high-speed or dial-up connections to the Internet, permitting get access to the World Wide Web and a wide variety of other resources. (Michael, 2004)

A PC may be utilized at home, or may be discovered in an office, often attached to a local area network (LAN). This is in contrast to the batch processing or time-sharing forms which permitted large costly systems to be utilized by numerous persons, generally at the identical time, or large facts and numbers processing schemes which needed a full-time employee to operate efficiently. (Michael, 2004)

Components of Personal Computer

While early personal computer proprietors generally had to compose their own programs to manage anything helpful with the appliances, today's users have get access to a broad variety of commercial and non-commercial software which is supplied in ready-to-run form. Since the 1980s, Microsoft and Intel have been overriding much of the PC market with the Wintel platform.

HardwareAn exploded view of a modern personal computer and its components are as follows1. Scanner2. CPU (Microprocessor)3. Primary storage (RAM)4. Expansion cards (graphics cards, etc)5. Power supply6. Optical disc drives7. Secondary storage (Hard disk)8. Motherboard9. Speakers10. Monitor11. System software12. Application software13. Keyboard14. Mouse15. External hard disk16. PrinterComputer Components: Hardware

A typical hardware setup of a desktop computer consists ofComputer case with power supply

Central processing unit (processor)


Memory cardHard diskVideo cardVisual display unit (monitor)Optical disc (usually DVD-ROM or DVD Writer)Keyboard and pointing device

These constituents can usually be put simultaneously with little knowledge to construct a computer. The motherboard is a main part of a computer that connects all apparatus together. The memory card(s), graphics card and processor are climbed on directly up on the motherboard (the processor in a socket and the recollection and graphics cards in expansion slots). The mass storage is attached to it with cords and can be established in the computer case or in a distinct case. This is the same for the keyboard and mouse, except that they are external and attach to the I/O panel on the back of the computer. The supervise is also attached to the I/O panel, either through an onboard port on the motherboard, or a port on the graphics ...
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