Eight Medical Specialities

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Eight Medical Specialities

Anesthesiologists - this physician helps and take care of patient, after he goes through an operation. He identifies and treats acute cancer problems and patients with cardiac or respiratory emergencies (Marshall Cavendish Corporation, 2003).

Anesthesiologists are Doctors of Medicine (MDs) that concentrate on care of surgical patients and pain relief. As with other physicians, they evaluate and treat patients and direct efforts of those on their staffs. (Brown 40)

Work Environment:

The most of anesthesiologists work in hospitals and outpatient surgical centers. Other opportunities may exist in private and group practices, urgent care centers, academic medical centers, and military. As with most other physicians, anesthesiologists work long and hectic hours, with nearly one third working 60 hours week or more. High School Preparation:

Students interested in career as an anesthesiologist should concentrate on high school courses in algebra, biology, chemistry, geometry, physics, trigonometry, anatomy and physiology, humanities, health occupations/medical professions education, psychology, and computer skills.

During residency training, anesthesiologists generally work toward obtaining certification from American Society of Anesthesiologists or American Board of Anesthesiology. (Fowler 20)

Dermatologists, or skin care doctors, have expertise in care of normal skin as well as in prevention and treatment of wide variety of skin conditions, including skin cancers.

Dermatologists furthermore identify and heal persons with disorders affecting hair and nails. In addition, dermatologists are knowledgeable in management of cosmetic disorders of skin (for example, hair loss and scars).

Neurologists- physician who specializes in dealing of all types of diseases that affects brain, spinal record, peripheral nerves, and autonomic nervous system, as well as blood vessels that relate to these structures (Marshall Cavendish Corporation, 2003).

Neurologist Education and Training

A neurologist is medical doctor or osteopath who has trained in diagnosis and treatment of nervous system disorders, including diseases of brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles.

Neurologist Education Requirements

Four years of premedical education in college or university

Four years of health school producing in an MD or DO degree (medical practitioner of surgery or medical practitioner of osteopathy degree)

One year internship in either interior medicine or medicine/surgery

At smallest 3 years of specialty training in an accredited neurology residency program

Residency programs accredited by Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) provide supervised experience in hospital and ambulatory care settings as well as educational conferences and research trainings. (Brown 40)

Gynecologists - this is specialist who is qualified in area of female productivity and other illnesses associated with it. He works as consultant to other doctors and as physician to women (Marshall Cavendish Corporation, 2003).

A gynecologist is medical doctor who has specialized in issues regarding woman's reproductive system (ovaries, uterus, and vagina) and often in conditions regarding urinary tract issues, such as stress incontinence. This second specialization may overlap work urologist does. Gynecologists are trained to evaluate, recognize and treat potential disease of reproductive system, and are also trained surgically to perform surgeries like hysterectomies, (removal of uterus). Women who are eighteen, or younger if they are sexually active, should see gynecologist yearly to be evaluated for conditions like cervical cancer. (Fowler 20)

Many gynecologists are not ...
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