In order to make judgments and identify accounts of the vast and global platform of Psychology as we see it today, we need to identify those pioneers and work contributed by these pioneers that we use as reference in our work or relate to for reference in terms of making amends in delivering righteous and justified treatments suffering from dismantled psychological functioning and who require mental assistance.
There are many paragons of excellence that psychology has bought and identified for us to relate to them, their viewpoints and the work they have done in order to serve others, such as Ivan Pavlov, Carl Jung, Carl Rogers, Erik Erikson, Alfred Adler, etc. Out of these, the most prominent figure that has come across and whose work has been effectively and repeatedly undertaken for referencing and consideration is Sir Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939), a renowned Austrian neurologist who aimed towards the improvement of the human psyche with his infamous 'Psychoanalysis'.
Psychoanalysis: A little brief
Initially patients were treated with hypnosis in order to trace the impact of the disease that it had on the patient, but after Freud's arrival, he was the first one to mark it as ineffective and insufficient since it did not provide or intend any effective results. Freud described psychoanalysis as the third great blow to human narcissism. The first was Nicolaus Copernicus's refutation of the centrality of the earth; the second was Charles Darwin's refutation of the centrality of mankind to creation (Dufresne, 2003).
The third was Freud's discovery that people were not even central to their own mental processes: The mind cannot be equated with consciousness because most mental functioning occurs unconsciously. Against philosophical and psychological orthodoxy, Freud insisted that consciousness occurs only in part of the mind—what Freud termed das Ich (usually translated as ...