Human Development Psychology

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Human Development Psychology

Human Development Psychology

Article 1:

The origins of gender differences in performance in math and reading skills by Niklas Frank and Wolfgang Schneider

The performance of individuals differ as per their gender especially in the subject of mathematics and written language skills. Despite extensive analysis, an uncertainty is still present as to the time at which performance differences occur in specific cognitive abilities and what the causes responsible for this are. The recent study has been done considering a sample of more than 900 children over the course of past fifteen years to study the math, written language skills and self concept development. No differences arose based on gender in a series of controlled variables. Moreover, there were no significant differences seen in the written language skills and mathematical skills based on the difference in gender. However significant and meaningful performance and self-concept differences in the first class have been identified. The results reveal that young boys possess better mathematical skills and have higher self-concept. On the contrary, girls may perform better in reading and spelling. Competence development was mapped in two structural equation models, which also illustrate the influence of gender and subject-specific self-concepts (Frank N. & Schneider W., 2012).

The whole article is based on highlighting major differences in the technical and developmental skills in both the genders through various researches on different age group. The article brings awareness towards how the mind develops in different age groups and how the gender difference caters to all those changes. Boys at their earlier stages of life are more concerned and interested towards technical and analytical skills while girls are more interested towards reading (Frank N. & Schneider W., 2012).

Article 2:

Performance reviews of school children by Sabine Krolak-Schwerdt , Matthias Bohmer and Cornelia Grasel

The performance reviews of school children it is also one of the articles of repute which focuses on the roles and the job design of a teacher and let the students share their ideas so that they may feel free and learn. It was investigated that to what extent the objectives differ in the processing of information by a student (e.g. results in mathematics comparison work) both performance evaluation and conclusions about the behavior and performance of the student. Teachers being the experts and students being learning individuals were given a case report f a student below the target to form an impression of his personality and performance (impression formation goal) or its further development to predict (prediction target). Subsequently, the case report has to be summarized in their words and assess the performance of the student described. Experts defined under the forecast target to individual student characteristics, under the goal of impression formation which they used in a given social category. On the contrary, the goal did not affect the processing of student characteristics. At the end, the author wishes to highlight on the basic assumption of student learning that, teachers as well as the students both are a part of learning and they both themselves are responsible for better ...
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