Imogene King

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Imogene King's Interacting Systems Theory

Application in Emergency and Rural Nursing

Imogene King's Interacting Systems Theory


Imogene King's conceptual model of nursing is in the middle of 1960 with the idea that human beings are open systems interacting with the environment (King, 1981). Work King is considered a conceptual model because it includes both a conceptual framework and theory (Fawcett, 2000). King Conceptual framework and theory of achievement and the use of models in emergency room settings not discussed. Finally, the work of King has been in comparison with the theory of rural nursing in order to identify common themes.

King's Theory

The focus of the King is a man, as the dynamic human being whose perception of objects, people and events that affect their behavior, social interaction, and health (King, 1971). King's conceptual framework consists of three interacting systems with each system has its own variety of concepts and characteristics. These systems include personal systems, interpersonal systems, and social systems. The basic assumption of King argues that the withdrawal is a process that involves caring for human beings to health to be the ultimate goal (Torres, 1986). Three systems that constitute the conceptual basis of the king served as the basis for the development of her theory to an end.

Individual systems that King speaks of refer to the individual. Concepts in the personal system and basic understanding of human beings of perception, self, body image, growth and development, time and space (King, 1981). King (1981) Views of perception as the most important variable, since the behavior of the perception of influence. King briefly relationships between concepts in the following statement: "Human perception about themselves, body image, the effect of time and space as he or she reacts to people, objects and events in their lives. As people grow and develop through life experience with change in the structure and function of their bodies for a long time to influence their perception of themselves "(King, 1981, p. 19).

Interpersonal systems involve people interacting with each other. King refers to two individuals interacting in a dyad, three people as a triad, and four or more persons as small or large groups (King, 1981). Concepts associated with interpersonal interaction system, transactions, communications, roles and stress. Interactions and transactions that occur between nurse and client, or the dyad, is an example of interpersonal systems. Relationship between nurse and client can be classified as verbal or nonverbal. Verbal exchanges include both oral and written communication, and nonverbal communication includes such things as appearance, distance, facial expression, posture and touch (Seiloff, 1991).

The third and last of the interacting system is in a model of King's social system. Social networks are groups of people within the community or society that share common goals, interests and values. Social systems provide the basis for social interaction and relationships, and establish rules of conduct and courses of action (King, 1971). Examples of social systems include family, school and church. It is within these organizations that human beliefs, attitudes, values and habits are ...
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