Literacy is the ability to use text to communicate through space and time. It often reduces the ability to read and write, or sometimes just to read. The standards for which are the literacy levels vary among different societies. Some other skills such as computer or the rudiments of calculating basic arithmetic can also be included in broader definitions of literacy.
Literacy is the degree of ownership of human skills writing and reading in their native language. Traditionally, the word "literacy" meant a man who could read and write or read only in any language. In modern terms, this means the ability to write according to established rules of grammar and spelling. People, who can only read, also called "semi-literate." The statistics for literacy is the ability of the person to read, understand and write a short simple text relating to everyday life. The adult literacy rate - the share of literates aged 15 and older. Literacy Index (sometimes called simply literacy) of the people is the ratio between the number of persons Literacy and the total population (Pleasant, 2008). The ratio is usually expressed as a percentage. Literate, expressed as a percentage, if not measured, then, in any case, clearly characterized by the degree of public education. Literacy - the foundation on which to build further human development. Providing access to the book, it gives an opportunity to use the treasury of thought and knowledge, created by mankind. But the possibility is not yet a fact. Literacy, as shown by its history, there is only a tool, which often uses one or the other temporarily dominant party for propaganda among the people of their ideas. Why and how literacy depends on further conditions, which brought public education of this country. Degree of literacy in this nation characterized by degree of participation of all the people in the intellectual life of mankind, but is characterized only to a certain extent, because people are illiterate and are involved and participated, albeit in a very limited extent, in the accumulation of intellectual and moral treasures of mankind.
Literacy is considered the first level of adult education, equal to the first grades of primary education. The traditional tendency of the recognition of letters and associating each phoneme and script is getting to decipher the words and phrases. It is the usual method of schools with children. Other experts, however, believe that adults are better to use meaningful words to encourage them, since the capacity of learning is usually lower than for children (Lankshear, 2008). Often words are based on actual objects or illustrations to clarify his meaning. Knowledge of the environment, which is much larger than that of children, helps to advance more quickly. These methods are called global methods, visual or analytical.
An additional problem is when students know the language and comes from another culture, as with the phenomenon of immigration. In this case it is advisable to help correlate learned that the original ...