Nursing Development Conceptual Framework

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Nursing Development Conceptual Framework

Nursing Development Conceptual Framework

Reflective Analysis of Conceptual Framework

Nurses' role in care for the sick and disabled originated in religious orders, founded at the time of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation. Women and men who joined religious orders actively devoted themselves to poor relief and care for the sick. They viewed the care they provided as part of their religious practice and learned nursing skills through apprenticeship. With the foundation of the Daughters of Charity in France in 1633, cofounders Vincent de Paul and Louise de Marillac set a remarkable example of organized nursing care by lay women. The Daughters of Charity gained enormous social respect. Religious calling and spiritual commitment to God legitimized their role. So strong was the example that Roman Catholics and Protestants alike adapted to this model, and charitable nursing orders spread over Europe and North America through the next centuries, reaching a peak in the Evangelical and Missionary religious revival movements in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Modeled after Roman Catholic sisterhoods and brotherhoods, the Protestants revived the function of the deacons and deaconesses. In 1836, Pastor Theodor Fliedner established one of the most well-known associations for care of the sick and dependent, the Deaconess Institute in Kaiserswerth, Germany. Within the protected structure of a motherhouse, the institute trained both nurses and teachers to work in its facilities. The work of deaconess nurses was not limited to care of physically sick or disabled people. People with mental illness were also included in the charitable effort. Within decades of its founding, the Kaiserwerth Institute included hospital care, a school for infants, an orphanage, and an asylum for women with mental ailments.

Development as Professional Nurse

The Kaiserswerth Institute served as an important inspiration to Florence Nightingale, who spent some time there in the mid-nineteenth ...
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