Since the creation of universe God has sent a number of messengers for the guidance of mankind and humanity as a whole. Among the most prominent and God fearing messengers Abraham was the one who was considered to be the father of multitude according to Hebrew. Abraham whose birth name was Abram, is the father of Abrahamic religions. It includes Judaism, Islam and Christianity.
The covenant of Abraham is the unconditional, unbreakable, final promises made by God to Abraham that began to improvise relationships between God and the Israel. The Abrahamic Covenant creates an unbreakable link between God and Israel. The Abrahamic Covenant ensures God's protection and mercy for the Jewish people. The Abrahamic Covenant allowed the jews to have their land as it belonged to Abraham's children.
There were three distinct promises that were made by God to Abraham. They are as follows
The Land Promise: "A land that I will show you."
God promises Abraham that the offspring of Abraham will receive the land. The promise of land to the offspring of Abraham was accomplished when God gave them the land which He promised.
The National Promise: "A great nation."
God said to Abraham's grandson not to be feared of going to Egypt, because the moment you go there I will make You a great nation. God also further added that I will make your name and you shall be a blessing.
The Spiritual Promise: "All the families of the earth shall be blessed."
Now this third promise is not limited to a single family or a particular community but to the whole of the nation. This promise is not confined. Then Jacob or Israel formed nation called Israel.
Abraham and Isaac
Then, God told Abraham, "Take now your son, your only son, whom you love, Isaac, and go to the land of ...