The State Of Louisiana

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The State of Louisiana

The State of Louisiana


Louisiana is one of the states that make up the United States located in the southern region of the country on the delta of the Mississippi River. The state is bordered on the west by the state of Texas, north to Arkansas, east to Mississippi and south to the Gulf of Mexico. Louisiana has a particular culture due to French colonization and to a lesser extent, Spanish. The most widely spoken languages ??are now English and Spanish. As for the French dialect known as Cajun (voice Acadian adjective derived from, designating to the settlers from the French Canadian colony of Acadia), today this has been reduced to 5% of speakers. Worse fate has touched the vestigial Spanish, brought in the eighteenth century by emigrant's canaries and Andalusia, which is now largely disappeared. The Spanish, however, is constantly increasing in number of speakers, because the Mexican and Central American immigration, especially in the city of New Orleans. Its capital is Baton Rouge, but the most important city is New Orleans. Other cities are Lafayette and Shreveport.


Early establishments

Louisiana was inhabited by Native Americans when European explorers arrived in the sixteenth century. Many names of places in the state are transliterations of those used in native dialects. The tribes that inhabited Louisiana included the Atacama , the booking , the Opelousas , the acolapissa , the Tangipahoa and Chitimacha in southeastern state, the wash , the chawasha , the yagenechito , the bayougoula and the Houma (part of the Choctaw Nation ), the quinipissa , the okelousa , the avoyel , the Taensa (part of the Natchez nation ), the tunic and Koroa . The central and northwest Louisiana was part of the Caddo Nation and the Federation of Natchitoches. (Walters, 2007, p.26)

Entry to the United States (1803-1860)

As a result of failures in Haiti, Napoleon gave up his dreams of American empire and sold Louisiana to the United States, who consequently divided into two territories: the Orleans Territory, which would end up becoming the state of Louisiana in 1812 and the District of Louisiana, which were the lands that belonged to the Territory of Orleans. A small part of Florida, the Florida parishes were annexed the strategically important West Florida Republic, proclaimed independent by James Madison in 1810.

Another consequence of the revolution in Haiti was an increased emigration of refugees to Louisiana, especially New Orleans, and included whites and free blacks as slaves. Other immigrants were the Cubans in 1809. They helped increase the number of Francophones in the region.

In 1811, the largest slave revolt in U.S., Costa Germana Revolution took place on the outskirts of New Orleans. About 64 to 500 slaves rose up in the Costa Germana and marched on the gates of the city. The revolution came as a surprise to the military forces of the Territory of Orleans, and was a major threat to American sovereignty in New Orleans. Louisiana became a state on April 30, ...
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