The first African slaves were brought to the British Virginia by English colonists in 1619. As of 1860, 12 million African American were in 15 U.S. states, where slavery persisted, and 4 million were slaves. In 1.5 million families living in those states, over 390 thousand households had slaves. Since then the slavery become the part of African American's life. The African American community had to bear segregation, discrimination, hatred, and isolation. The community at different time tried to overcome these issues and problems (Singer, 1982).
African American have always fought for their rights in United States, and they have achieved their identity by their movements.
Slave labor was used extensively in the plantation sector, allowing receiving the American slaveholder's high profits. In the first half of the XIX century, the national wealth of the United States was largely based on the exploitation of slave labor. During the period from the XVI century to the XIX century in the Americas were imported about 12 million Africans, of which 645 thousand were in the territory of the modern United States. Although Congress banned the import of new slaves from Africa in 1808, but this practice has existed for at least another half century (Sarkees, 2004).
1865 the Civil War
The American Civil War was from 1861 to 1865 because of the military conflict between the North States and South States. This caused a deep economic, social and political division between North and South, mainly in the slavery issue came to light. The major issue was to end up with the slavery in US. In the 1860 presidential election split the Democratic Party into two wings. The Northern Democrats nominated the moderate critical slavery Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois for president, the Southern Democrats, Vice President John C. Breckinridge, a unique slavery advocates. The battle was to end up the discrimination and slavery. As a result the President Abraham Lincoln brings Thirteen Amendment in constitution. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was adopted by Congress after the Civil War in the United States , January 31, 1865, ratified by the necessary number of states on December 6 1865 , entered into force December 18 , 1865 (Bonilla, 1997). The world is full of illustrations of numerous eminent figures, who via their incessant endeavours and matchless diligence have crafted unimpeded pathways for their nation and people. The list of those eminent figures of the world would be void and despicable if it does not contain the name of one of the most revered politicians in the history of the world, Abraham Lincoln. The pages of American history and the struggle people are full of praises of the efforts rendered by Lincoln, in order to support and help his nation and people (Nolen, 2005).
The role that was played by Abraham Lincoln in the war period, involved numerous abstruse situation, decisions and hard hitting situations. It was 1861, when the war began, and so did ...