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Project Risk and Quality Management Plan

Project Risk and Quality Management Plan

Relationship between the residual risks

Risk is defined as the existence of a likelihood of a threat materializes in one or more scenarios, combined with damaging consequences to property or persons. Any situation, any activity can produce a beneficial or harmful event. Risk is defined by the likelihood of this event and the magnitude of its consequences. It can be applied to a person, people, property, environment or the natural environment.

The construction industry, like any other industry, is characterized by the presence of emergency situations. Statistics show that in 8 cases of construction accidents with the collapse of supporting structures object is the result of human errors in design, construction and operation of buildings. For construction products (buildings, structures and facilities), the main kind of security is structural, which characterizes the ability bearing skeleton of an object to resist accelerations in an emergency situation is interpreted as a lack in him unacceptable risk of an accident. The level of structural safety is considered sufficient if actual risk of failure of the object is in the region of acceptable values (Renn, 2008).

Engineering applications of methods of calculation of risk and accident safety remaining life of buildings and structures are closely related to assessment procedures and regulate the level of structural safety and construction used buildings and structures. The application of these techniques allows including technical state of the object to one of three possible as a secure, disaster-emergency or dilapidated; defining contribution of each group of load-bearing frame structures in value of accident risk of the object; calculating the residual life of the object and make a prediction time period of operation, after which at this facility necessary to make arrangements to reduce the risk of an accident. After the phase of perception and risk identification, one must also assess the risks taking into account the possible consequences. In this evaluation phase, all the parameters of vulnerability are taken into account: causes (risk factors or hazards), risk objects (organizations or resources at risk), and consequences with their potential severity (Nigel, 2006).

The risk management is the penultimate phase of treatment of risk. It aims to reduce the various forms or sources. There are various strategies for dealing with risks, such as prevention, corrective actions and palliative. The prevention is to reduce the probability of occurrence of the risk by reducing or eliminating certain risk factors. The prevention is often the best strategy for its own resources. The corrective actions aimed at reducing the effect of risk when it occurs. This minimizes the impact is often an effective strategy when the organization can not act on the risk factor itself, but that can act on its consequences. For example, we can not prevent an avalanche, but we can adjust the avalanche for the channel. The workaround, or change in scope, is in some way, to take the risk occurring, not to diminish the likelihood or consequences, but using the event to his ...
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