The main purpose of this part is to discuss the four concepts of discourse analysis. Discourse analysis mainly deals with the interactive and inter-subjective language use through research and analysis of factual data. In terms of Stubbs (1987), discourse analysis researches (1) the language, whether oral or written, beyond the limits of the sentence, (2) the relationship between language and society, and (3) the properties daily interactive communication.
Framework Analysis is an interdisciplinary research method that has its use to analyze how people understand the situations and events. It is that form of discourse analysis that takes an analysis about the activities on speaker's engagement (Atkinson, 1984, p. 34). Frame analysis has its associations with the dissection of the definition of an issue. Initially people perceived frame analysis to be the best method of discourse. The notion of frame has been a core component in discourse analysis and cognitive linguistics for the past half century. The frame concept has been instrumental in organizing and structuring how linguists articulate the interface of language, social interaction, and the mind. A careful review of the literature will yield that frame is often synonymous with script and schema. For the purposes of this thesis, the data will be analyzed according to Charles Fillmore's Frame Model for two critical reasons. First, Fillmore's model, despite its minor theoretical short-comings, is the most comprehensive and streamlined theory available to analyzing discourses (Wodak, 1999, p. 78). Second, unlike others who explore the notion of frame (i.e. artificial intelligence researchers, anthropologists, psychologists, and sociologists), Fillmore is a linguist and frame is the term most abundant in the literature. Prior to outlining and describing Fillmore's Model and its application to this thesis, a brief history of the frame construct is necessary in order to disambiguate any preconceived notions of frame as well as substantiate the claim that Fillmore's model is superior to all other frame models proposed.
The logic of cooperative principle, based mainly on conventional and implications of conversational implications, inferences on networks of non-demonstrative, has clear summarization by H. Paul Grice himself (Scollon, 2004, p. 56). Cooperative Principle and maxims have a formulation in to reveal three aspects associated with the "rationales ":
a) The communicative exchanges consist of observations disjointed;
b) Are cooperative efforts and each participant recognizes in them a purpose or a set of common purpose and
c) The partners assume that the principle and its maxims have the respect by the speaker
It is understood as a supposed cooperative principle pragmatic communicative exchange very general, which is expected behaviour in a certain partners as a result of a prior agreement of collaboration in the task of communicating. It can be defined, therefore, as a general principle that guides the partners in the conversation. Cooperative principle is the basic concept based on the assumptions in discourse, although the interpretations of this principle are normally problematic. The cooperative principal suggests that the contributions should be made at the first stage of its ...