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Leadership, Evidence-Based Management and Strategic planning

[Name of the Institute]


A key factor in why people stay with an organization is its leaders. Leaders are an equally important factor in why people leave: people do not quit organizations; they quit leaders. The most important reason people leave an organization is the poor quality of leadership. People stay with an organization because they like the work they are doing, and they find it challenging, meaningful, and purposeful. People want a chance to be tested, a chance to take part in a social experiment, a chance to do something well, a chance to do something good, a chance to change the way things are, and a chance to have a sense of accomplishment. Effective leaders have heightened motivation which is derived by four factors, including a) charisma; b) inspiration; c) intellectual stimulation; and d) individualized consideration. The leaders have been characterized as charismatic, inspirational, able to stimulate others intellectually, and capable of showing individualized consideration. Charisma evokes devotion to leaders and their mission. The inspiration from leaders creates a climate of openness and trust. Intellectual stimulation causes subordinates to see new possibilities and to challenge their own assumptions. Individualized consideration focuses on the worth of individuals and their development in the organization (Bass, 1985a). Organizational managers and those they supervise develop perceptions about the leadership abilities of these managers. Understanding these perceptions is important because poor leadership can result in low staff morale, increased absenteeism and reduced productivity. Evidence based management and strategic planning are key tool that help developing leadership and managerial skills. Strategic planning is the process of developing and implementing plans to achieve goals and objectives. Evidence-based management, or EBM, refers to a movement in business management circles that emphasizes planning and problem-solving based on careful research and analysis rather than intuition and ideology. Finally this paper aimed to analyze what are the effects of poor leadership in the organization, community, and how can Evidence Based Management EBM and strategic planning help managers to improve their skills, attributes, and experiences that need to be learned and earned to be effective manager.

Table of Contents



Traits of poor Leaders10

Lack of Vision10

Failure to Follow Through10

Failure to Collaborate10

Extreme Egotism11


Failure to Accept Feedback12

Traits of an effective leader12



Intellectual Stimulation13

Individualized Consideration14

Impact of Poor Leadership14

Increased Turnover Rates15

Lower Productivity15

Lack of Focus15


Poorly Performing Employees16

Low Morale16

Bad Public Perception17

Separation of Employees17

Community and leadership17

Evidence-based management18

Potential Problems with Evidence-Based Management in Business21

Strategic planning21

Problems with strategic planning24

Strategic planning and Managerial skills25




The term leadership, by its very nature, is laden with meaning often derived from the interpreter's varied life history. For some, this represents an internalized identity, shared processes, or civic engagement grounded in experiences as social activists, with developmental mentors, or from positive group experiences. For others, the term may elicit a more negative interpretation associated with abuses of power, positionality, or an impersonal focus on end goals. These interpretations are often the effect of sociohistorical marginalization or negative encounters with those that inappropriately wielded influence. Both ends of this interpretive spectrum can also be found in the ...
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