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Hammurabi Code & Bible


The Code of Hammurabi is a Babylonian code, which belongs to 1772 BC. It is one of the oldest writings, which are interpreted in the world. It is based on the code that was endorsed by sixth Babylonian king, Hammurabi. The copies of this code exist on various clay tablets and stones. This code consists of 282 laws, which also scale punishments. The Code of Hammurabi was found by a French archaeological expedition under the control of Jacques de Morgan in 1901-1902. During excavation of the ancient Susa, this is now in Iran. It was recorded on a piece of black diorite, 2.25 m tall and consists of 282 articles. Despite the fact that kamen split into three fragments, most of it restored and  located in Paris (Richardson, p. 45).Code of Hammurabi

Many scientists believe that the Code is a series of amendments to the accepted laws of Babylonia. It relates to methods of punishment in the proceedings of untrue allegations, perjury and unjust actions of the judges. In addition, it lays down the laws on property rights, loans, investments, debts, household goods and family law. The section devoted to personal injury demanded punishment for damages received from the hand of another man, and the injury suffered by a physician because of an unsuccessful operation. In addition to that, this code establishes fees for various services to artisans and merchants. The laws of Hammurabi, among other discoveries of ancient literature, no doubt, found that the script used for hundreds of years before Moses. This fact is so well supported by archaeological findings and factual evidence, which only a dishonest or misinformed critic of the Bible would be to resort to this argument. The top of the stele is decorated with a bas-relief representing the main deities, including Shamash and Hammurabi, one hand raised in sign of devotion. The code is written in cuneiform in boxes arranged in columns around the stele. They read it from right to left. The writing is cuneiform. The Babylonian language is a phenomenal wealth.The first part of the code begins with an account of the accession to the throne under the protection of the gods (Davidson, p. 70). It continues with a summary of the history of the reign of Hammurabi, presented as a pious prince and concerned about the welfare of his subjects.

The second part of the code, the largest, contains 282 articles that outline each problem and provide an answer. The code is divided into chapters that cover a subject of legislation. Topics include theft, false testimony, the administration of royal properties, the right of farm work and craft, rental and maintenance of residential premises, trade, loan interest, operation and sharing of capital, deposits and pledges.The stele or pillar is kept in France. The discovery of this stele was very important for Bible scholars. On the other hand, it also supported the laws of Moses. The art and science of that writing was unknown in history. Furthermore, it was also noticed that there were similarities between the statutes of Hammurabi and Moses. Hammurabi statute (206) for law of personal injury states, "If a ...
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