Social Work Theories

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Social Work Theories

Social Work Theories

Cognitive-Behavioral Theory

Cognitive-Behavioral Theory is the notion that cognition performances a significant function in behavior change. More expressly, the cognitions or ideas of a purchaser influence their behaviors, and contradictory ideas or convictions can make it especially tough for a purchaser to make affirmative behavior change (Hazan 2003 22).

Cognitive-behavioral interventions blend cognitive and behavioral schemes to explain a kind of behavioral and psychological problems. They request to “change a person's irrational or defective considering and behaviors by teaching the individual and strengthening affirmative knowledge that will lead to basic alterations in the way that individual copes.” In other phrases, by learning to move or adjust their considering methods, purchasers can believe more clearly about the alternatives they make and the behaviors in which they engage.

Rationale for Cognitive Behavior Theory

Human behavior is an enigma. A person's behavioral pattern is identified by his thought process, emotional quotient and his response to a certain given situation. So before we go about understanding cognitive behavioral theory, it is important to understand what cognitive behavior all about is? Cognitive psychology is a huge subject that deals with cognitive behavior.

The subject focuses on how people think, what they perceive from vision and hearing, how much they retain and remember and how they react to a stimuli. Precisely, a cognitive behavioral theory also closely associates itself with neuroscience, linguistics and philosophy. One of the aspects of this theory also deals with enhancing the decisive ability of a person and his memory to retain more information.

Assessment Strategies

The cognitive-behavioral set about values evaluation schemes that are congruent with its inherent assumptions. Such strategies:

are legitimate assesses of significant, controllable variables

are perceptive to the dynamic environment of behavior and causal variables

are perceptive to the conditional environment of behavior and affiliated cognitions

arrest functional relations

encompass multiple causes of data

A centered component of cognitive behavioural evaluation is hypothesis checking, the formulation and checking of initial clinical judgments about a client's behaviour difficulties and likely causal variables (Whiston 2004 493).


The cognitive-behavioural evaluation paradigm supposes that clinical judgments made about a client's behavioural difficulty are more probable to be legitimate if a scholarly, hypothesis-testing set about is adopted. Hypothesis-testing engages the collection and evaluation of facts and numbers to either support or direct out tentative assumptions about the environment and determinants of a client's behaviour problems. Hypotheses are developed very early in the clinical evaluation, as early as the referral or pre-interview with the purchaser, and are relentlessly changed all through the evaluation as new facts and numbers becomes available. When hypotheses are sustained and no new hypotheses are proposed, a remedy scheme is selected. Ongoing evaluation of remedy is furthermore part of this scheme, to assess remedy conclusion, pathway remedy consequences, and help in modifying falling short treatments.

Validated Instruments

The cognitive-behavioural evaluation paradigm furthermore emphasizes the use of validated instruments. Invalid devices can lead to invalid clinical judgments. However, the validity of evaluation equipment (i.e. the correctness of the facts and numbers drawn from an instrument) is ...
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