The children do not possess strong memory and usually tend to forget their assignments and homework, act without thinking, daydream and stay inattentive during class, or get restless at the dinner table. Though, these can be the normal habits in children, however, this is not necessary. This sign can also be symptoms of some disease and may require special attention and medical care. This paper discusses the occurrence of the Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children at early ages. It will discuss the symptoms, causes, treatment and other factors related with the concept of ADHD.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADD can be described in various ways, and the names ADD and ADHD are often used to mean the same thing. Majority of the medical specialists and experts now analyze ADHD and ADD as a subsection of the segment of behavior problems that may occur in children as well as in adults (Biederman, 1998). Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is basically defined as the neurobehavioral or mental or disorder, which is portrayed by impulsiveness and hyperactivity, noteworthy difficulties of inattention, or a mixture of the two situations. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR) report that the signs of the disorder become apparent before the child turns seven years of age (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2010). The disorder is divided into the three major categories: (i) predominately hyperactive-impulsive (ADHD-HI or ADHD-H), (ii) predominantly inattentive (ADHD-PI or ADHD-I), or (iii) the two combined (ADHD-C).
In this disorder, the child has difficulty in sorting out and prioritizing numerous and various information coming to his brain through noises, animation, movement, emotions. He faces more difficulties than others in giving priority to information relevant to the task or activity of the course. This results in difficulty in maintaining attention on the ongoing activities, a high level of distractibility, and forgetfulness in what is to finish what is start or follow the warnings and instructions in their entirety. Impulsivity characterizes the child, and he seems unable to take a moment to reflect before acting. He lets out the answer to a question which is not yet fully made, or interrupts others when they speak, without a necessity to speak. If frustrated, the impulsive child can hit his playmate without thinking of the consequences of his actions. During the course of ADHD, the motor activity is increased and is disorderly in a child. For example, permanent agitation, nervousness, inability to hold up signs and or feelings of impatience characterizes the presence of ADD in the children.
Attention disorders are today few of the most common diagnoses in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. This alteration is more common in men than in women, with large and variable intensity, that is quite often associated with other psychiatric diagnoses. Although the etiology of this disorder still remains unclear, the increasing investigations provide further data on the participation of the frontal pathophysiology. The base biodiversity is of great importance in relation to this subject ...