Managing Strategic Partnerships

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Managing Strategic Partnerships

[Name of the Institute]

[Name of the Supervisor]


I would take this opportunity to thank my research supervisor, family and friends for their support and guidance without which this research would not have been possible.


I, [type your full first names and surname here], declare that the contents of this dissertation/thesis represent my own unaided work, and that the dissertation/thesis has not previously been submitted for academic examination towards any qualification. Furthermore, it represents my own opinions and not necessarily those of the University.

Signed __________________ Date _________________

Chapter 18

Chapter 18



1.1.1Research Background8

1.2Research Problem.8

1.3Research Aims and Objectives9

1.4Thesis Outline10

Chapter 212

Project Learning through Information Sharing12

2.1 Introduction12

2.2 Overview of Project Management12

2.2.1 Project management and its meanings12

2.3 The Paradox of Project Uniqueness13

2.4 Project Management Theory14

2.4.1 Project Management and Hard Paradigm15 Links to hard systems thinking15 Philosophical basis of Project Management16 The definition and stability of goals16 Planning and Control16

2.4.2 Theoretical disquiet in Project Management17

2.4.3 A Growing interpretive Influence17

2.5 Soft paradigm in project management18

2.5.1 Project Success18

2.5.2 Continuous Definition and Evaluation.18

2.5.3 Stakeholder Management19

2.5.4 Project Learning19

2.6 Project learning theories19

2.6.1 Overview of knowledge management20

2.6.2 Knowledge management Concepts and Processes20 Tacit vs. Explicit Knowledge21 Codification vs. Personalization.21

2.6.3 Knowledge Processes21

2.6.4 Knowledge Management in Action22

2.7 Organizational Learning23

2.7.1 Individual and Organizational Learning23

2.8 Project learning in project environment24

2.9 Chapter Summary25

Chapter 327

Literature Review27

3.1 Introduction27

3.2 Uncertainty management in Project Management27

3.3 Why focus on Project Learning in Project-Based Organization27

3.4 What “Knowledge” is important to IT Projects?28

3.5 What is “Knowledge” in IT projects?28

3.6 Lesson Learned Processes (Information Sharing)29

3.7 Lesson-Learned Challenges in PBOs30

3.8 Limitations of existing approaches to knowledge sharing in PBO30

3.8.1 Focus of learning31

3.8.2 Belief in Uniqueness of Projects31

3.8.3 Inability to capture and access softer lessons31

3.8.4 Lack of awareness that knowledge31

3.8.5 Project Reviews and Milestones31

3.9 Knowledge Sharing Systems32

3.10 'Knowledge' or Information'33

3.11 Project Planning34

3.12. Project Planning Methods34

3.12.1 Activity Based Methods34 Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)34 Path Analysis (CPA)35 Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT)35 Microsoft Project (MSP)35

3.12.2 Limitations of Activity-Based Planning35

3.12.3 Product Based Method36 Product Based Planning36

3.12.4 Immature Aspect of Product -Based Planning38

3.13 Information Sharing Approaches with Project Portfolio Management38

3.13.1 Activity Based Project Portfolio38

3.13.2 Product Based Project Portfolio39

3.14 Project Success41

Project Mangement Success42

Project management success in project success43

13.5 Summary of the Identified Problems with the Existing Approach to Project Learning.43

13.6 Chapter Summary44

Chapter 445

4.1 Introduction45

4.2 Research Paradigm in Information System45

4.2.1 Information System Development Paradigms46

4.3 Review of Methodology, Methods and Techniques48

4.3.1 Distinction between Methodology, Methods and Techniques48

4.3.2 Research Methodology50

There are two fundamental research methodologies: qualitative and quantitative.50 Quantitative research50 Qualitative Research50

4.3.3 Methods of Investigation50

Case study research50

4.4 Adopted Research Paradigm and Methodology53

4.4.1 Adopted Research Paradigm and Methodological Stance53

4.4.2 Adopted Empirical Methods, and Techniques.54

4.4.3 Case Study Rationale and Context.55

4.4.4 Research Validity55

4.4.4 Research strategy57

4.5 Summary58

Chapter 559


5.2 Overview of PBPP framework for Information Sharing59

5.2.1 General Description of the PBPP framework for information sharing60

5.3 Structured method to break down projects into simple products61

5.3.1 Using Semiotics to identify the project stakeholders.62

5.3.2 Prioritize project stakeholders based on their influence and interest in the project.63 Using the Stakeholder influence and Interest Matrix to Rank Stakeholders64

5.3.3 Analyze the Project Product Description to understand its intentions.65

5.3.4 Identify & structure project deliverables and simple ...
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